Humanities Term Paper-the Parthenon

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Humanities 101 25 July, 2015 The Parthenon High above the city of Athens sets the Parthenon. Although it is simple in structure, the wonderful artistry of this structure impacted classical architecture and still influences structures to this day. The Parthenon was built to house a grand, gold and ivory statue of the goddess Athena. Temples traditionally were to only be viewed from the outside (The Parthenon); the Doric style columns often interrupted the view of the temples. It was the largest Doric Greek temple but also used the Ionic temple styles (Ancient History). The creators of the Parthenon wanted the transition from outside to inside to be clear and smooth. A visitor would be able to have a spectacular view into the shrine to the goddess. The architects were very dedicated to the geometric design of this temple. They knew that the parallel columns would make the temple appear as if it were becoming narrower toward the back; to prevent this, they carved the columns to become larger towards the top. Preventing the optical illusion of narrowing is called entasis. Furthermore, the Parthenon has no truly vertical or horizontal places in the entire building. The columns slant inward so the building seems to tower even more. The architects used a great deal of geometry to influence the eyes of audiences to come. They seemed to put quite a bit of theatrics into the design of the temple; these designs were very sophisticated for the time. In my opinion, temples before this were not quite as extravagant from the outside. It was one of the first that was not only for the gods’ pleasure, but the visual pleasure of citizens. It was truly a wonderful place to display the sculpture dedicated to the goddess of wisdom. Today the Parthenon remains the most influential structure in western civilization. It is especially apparent in the United States. The earliest we

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