Three types of humanistic therapy are especially influential. Client-centered therapy rejects the idea of therapists as authorities on their clients' inner experiences. Instead, therapists help clients change by emphasizing their concern, care and interest. Gestalt therapy emphasizes what it calls "organismic holism," the importance of being aware of the here and now and accepting responsibility for yourself. Existential therapy focuses on free will, self-determination and the search for meaning.
The humanistic approach is essentially positive as it identifies the basic goodness of the individual. Roger’s concept of person centred therapy was a result of his experiences with patients. Rogers argued that all humans strive to reach their potentials. Rogers built upon Maslow’s theory. To understand Rogers and the person centred approach it is useful to look at Maslow.
ERT: “Enhanced Rogerian Therapy” Most helping professionals know that we can do a lot of good, and we can’t do any harm, through the application of Rogerian Counselling—also called Client-Centred, Person-Centred or Humanistic Counselling. This can be read about elsewhere in books by Carl Rogers and by advocates of his approach, but it basically consists of empathetically helping the client to gain as much clarity as possible about his current world-view
The helper encourages the client while still being congruent to him/herself. Acceptance of all of a client’s feelings, attitudes and values is referred to as unconditional positive regard. A helper must perceive a client’s experiences as equally worthy and meaningful as the
Despite such criticisms, Rogers's theory of personality and his therapeutic methodology continue to gain adherents and have become among the most widely influential trends in the history of psychology. Rogers's therapeutic scheme as outlined in his books and practiced in therapy is premised on the existence within each individual of what he termed the “organismic valuing process,” sometimes described as an internal monitor of a person's experiences in life that, under favorable circumstances, allows the development of healthy men or women possessing optimum self-esteem and an accurate sense of who they “really are” as well as who they would ideally like to become. The obstacle to this development, according to Rogers, are conditions, primarily those inflicted by a child's parents, in which the individual is denied “unconditional positive regard” and is thereby influenced by either positive or negative “conditions of worth” which instill
A conclusion can be derived from the reading on whether Ethical Egoism is truly a moral theory. Within the reading, along with Ethical Egoism, Psychological Egoism is discussed. Psychological Egoism differs from Ethical Egoism in that it asserts that each person does in fact pursue their own self-interest alone. To support the theory of Psychological Egoism it is stated that altruistic acts of kindness are performed only to produce good feelings about oneself. Another supporting argument of Ethical Egoism is that we always do what we most want to do.
Stating that the client was the expert and recognising that their condition improved when the counselling relationship was conducted on an even keel. This was in contrast to the predominantly psychodynamic approach generally used at that time. Rogers believed that all people were good and want to be the best that they can be, he stated that ‘each person is motivated by an actualising tendency, a force that drives a person (sic) to reach their maximum potential, physically, spiritually and emotionally. ‘ "Www.goodtherapy.org/person_centered." CounsellingResourcecom Library With the client as the expert and under the right conditions Rogers believed that they would discover solutions to their own problems.
During this need, people will look for love, intimate relationships, and close friendships. The esteem needs is respect for yourself as well as others. Humans need recognition from others, confidence, achievement, and self-esteem. After all the deprivation needs have been met, humans will continue on with growth needs, which is the highest level. This is the self-actualization, or
The growth needs suggested includes self-actualization. Self-actualization is the need to fulfill one's potential. Self-actualization can result in a healthy personality. For example, self-actualized people possess exceptionally healthy personalities marked by personal growth. These individuals are considered to be spontaneous, socially sensitive to the needs of others and enjoy interpersonal relationships.
he essentially believed that all people were trustworthy and good. He felt that one possessed self- direction and the capability to self-heal through solving their own problems. ( Corey, 2016, Shebib, 2017). Rogers viewed the client as the expert to promote self-change and foster growth (Shebib, 2017). Rogers believed in the client’s possess the abilities to make positive changes for themselves and live effective and productive lives and foster a goal-oriented (Coady & Lehmann,