Stating that the client was the expert and recognising that their condition improved when the counselling relationship was conducted on an even keel. This was in contrast to the predominantly psychodynamic approach generally used at that time. Rogers believed that all people were good and want to be the best that they can be, he stated that ‘each person is motivated by an actualising tendency, a force that drives a person (sic) to reach their maximum potential, physically, spiritually and emotionally. ‘ "Www.goodtherapy.org/person_centered." CounsellingResourcecom Library With the client as the expert and under the right conditions Rogers believed that they would discover solutions to their own problems.
Humanistic is a theoretical orientation that emphasises the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth. This mean puts people and self-awareness at the centre of consideration and argues that they are capable of free choices, self-fulfilment and ethical behaviour so this can determine the course of their life and free will. Why is this approach known as an optimistic approach? This approach is known as optimistic approach because it belief that individuals have the capacity to use their experiences and recourses to move forward and grow. Comment on the idea that the client knows what is hurting and the best way forward for them?
However, ultimately, the humanistic psychological approach is one of personal perception, with the goal to fulfill one’s potential, and in doing so, change or control one’s behavior outside of previous concrete boundaries. However, the ability to do so, is reliant in the ability of one to trust oneself, and carry a health self-perception, as well as a healthy perception of the world and those around them. There are in the humanistic psychological approach, two main approaches in practice and treatment, person-centered by Carl Rogers, and self-actualization by Abraham Maslow. Both are strategically different, but both applicable in differing situations. Person-centered application of the humanistic approach focuses on experience, and how experience modified behavior, and that the failure to behave
The humanists’ views’ came to Erasmus after carefully analyzing subjects of interest from the medieval times. Emphasizing practical piety, humanists like Erasmus not only believed that education could provide an individual with ultimate talent, but also engendered virtue through knowledge. Erasmus valued education as the utmost priority for every human being in order to live their life successfully and also to help in giving back to the
Carl Rogers believed that if an individual achieved an understanding of his/her feelings also known as self-actualisation then they would achieve the ultimate desire of being a fully functioning person living a good life. In other words the individual would have a positive outlook and a good quality of life within their self and experiences. Rogers also states that the outside climate needs to facilitate these attitudes meaning if a parent loves and encourages a child just as they are, the child will be more likely to become a fully functioning person. However if the parent or outside climate is strict, negative or restrictive towards the child this could mean the child could grow up with a negative imbalance of their feelings. For example if a child wants to grow up to be a dancer and his or her parents tell the
The other two of the ethical lenses are using your Sensibility (Intuition) which means using your intuition and emotions for our behavior to be ethical are : 1)Results Lens:using your sensibility to decide your decisions which will make you happy and adds more happiness to your life. 2)Reputation Lens:is to rely on your sensibility to agree upon the character traits which are needed for good living . And these four primary ethical lenses also catogorized into 2 types. 1-Ethical Lenses for Individual decision a)Rights and Responsibilities lens b)Results lens 2-Ethical lenses for Community determining a)Relationship lens b)Reputation lens My preferred lens is : Rights and Responsibility lens Relationship lens I use my critical thinking(Rational) skill to determine general rules and equality of community so that everybody gets treated fairly equal. I follow the universal rules and apply equally to everybody in the community.I look through the problem carefully and research different options
Humanistic approach American psychologist Carl Ransom Rogers (1902 – 1987) was one of the founders of the humanistic approach to psychology, He believed for a person to ‘’grow’’ they need an environment that provides them with congruence (genuineness, openness) unconditional positive regard (acceptance) and empathy (being understood and listened to). He called these the three core conditions. He said that these conditions are necessary for change to occur. This therapy is considered to be holistic looking at the person as a whole. It considers the core self (how we are born) self-concept (how we see ourselves) and conditions of worth (conditions that a person perceives are put upon them externally by those around them and which they believe
The humanistic approach is essentially positive as it identifies the basic goodness of the individual. Roger’s concept of person centred therapy was a result of his experiences with patients. Rogers argued that all humans strive to reach their potentials. Rogers built upon Maslow’s theory. To understand Rogers and the person centred approach it is useful to look at Maslow.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs has established a major precedence on which human interactions can follow so as to make sure that they achieve productive as well as agreeable outcome. The main essence is to actually prepare people for shared existence with themselves and those who are around. The essence of humanistic psychology is usually similar to cognitive psychology as it does acknowledge behavior more than just a stimulus that is determined and hence recognizes perception as the actual essence of actions and behavior. His hierarchy of needs does represent how exactly growth should influence formation of personality. He developed his personality theory in relation to the needs of people.
Humanistic therapies Humanistic therapy. This approach emphasizes people's capacity to make rational choices and develop to their maximum potential. Concern and respect for others are also important themes. Humanistic philosophers like Jean-Paul Sartre, Martin Buber and Søren Kierkegaard influenced this type of therapy. Three types of humanistic therapy are especially influential.