Comparative analysis of basic approaches to understanding human personality. As different sciences differ among themselves, psychology is not the exclusion. Psychologists, the people who study about human’s mental processes and behavior, mostly differ from each other to the meaning of personality or psychology of personality. Knowing the fact that all psychologists have different experience, background, and point of view, there is no a single definition for personality. However, it can be said that personality is a sequence of permanent traits, dispositions, motives, and characteristics within an individual, and these traits shape the person’s behavior.(J.
Treatment traces the unconscious factors to their origins, shows how they have evolved and developed over the course of many years, and subsequently helps individuals to overcome the challenges they face in life (National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis, 1998). In addition to being a therapy, psychoanalysis is a method of understanding mental functioning and the stages of growth and development. Psychoanalysis is a general theory of individual human behavior and experience, and it has both contributed to and been enriched by many other disciplines. Psychoanalysis seeks to explain the complex
The human society is becoming more and more complicated day by day, and with this complication the need of psychological analysis of different individuals (to ensure the wellbeing of their mental health) is increasing on a random basis. Considering the changing face of the human society and its resulting psychological dilemmas the process of psychotherapy should be given special emphasis. It should be noted that “A theory of psychotherapy acts as a roadmap for psychologists: It guides them through the process of understanding clients and their problems and developing solutions” (“Different approaches to psychotherapy”, n.d.). Today, after much research and deliberation, psychologists/psychotherapists prefer to adhere to three specific approaches to psychotherapy, viz. behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, and humanistic therapy.
Evaluate the Role of Unconscious in Human Motivation We are often not aware of why do we behave in a certain way, we do. Why do we get angry and act violently? Why some people choose to become a psychologist? From Freudian viewpoint, a career of an individual reflects a specific form of fixation at certain stage of development. He believed that career decision reflects personality.
Psychologist differ from these attempts in their use of the scientific method, using both clinical and experimental studies to evaluate the construct of personality. There have been multiple theories to come out of this research. Some such as Sheldon's Constitutional Theory(Sheldon,1940), which hypothesised a link between body type and personality, are no longer in vogue. Others such as Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, 1986) have a high heuristic value and are still used in therapy today. This essay will use two of these theories to offer a psychological interpretation of a fictional character and by doing so evaluate the merit of the hypotheses.
Freud’s theory of psychosexual development is one of the best known throughout the world. When his name is mentioned, many have a recollection of a part of his theories. His theories have been widely debated. The main goal of this essay is to demonstrate an understanding of Freud’s theory of psychosexual development and how this theory may help us to explain, identify and understand a client’s presenting issue. In evaluating the pros and cons of psychosexual theory and helps us to understand a client’s presenting issue, I will define and consider the relationship between the Id, Ego and Superego and the way in which these are in many ways representative of earlier experiences and of those early situations and conflicts we faced.
Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Thesis The tenacity of this paper is to clarify and debate the amount to which development needs effects personality creation. Biological issues that sway the establishment of characters, which are themes of discussion along with the dissimilar features of humanistic philosophy, which are recognized to be mismatched with organic clarifications of character. The explanations will be a praise of Maslow’s grading philosophy. A large part of tutoring has an emphasis on understanding the growth of the human character. Corporeal, ethical, socio-emotional verbal and reasoning each of these issues makes up the creation of the individual character.
The Behaviourist and Humanistic approaches to personality Personality is an aspect or department of psychology amongst many. There are several approaches developed by various psychologists to understand human behaviour. This essay will focus on the Behaviourist approach as well as on the Humanist approaches so as to determine which one of these will better understand Michael’s problems. This essay will therefore discuss each approach by identifying its founding fathers (main proponents), determining its causal factors and providing strengths and limitations for both the Behaviourist approach and the Humanistic approach. According to The Oxford University Press Southern Africa (2008; 126), Behaviourism is a psychological personality approach which mainly focuses on aspects of the past in term of past learning experiences as well as history.
PSYCHODYNAMIC THEO Psychodynamic Theories Mike Smith, Christine Smith, Arvan Thompson, Marcy Rigsby PSY/405 Dr. Dave Brueshoff October 17, 2011 Psychodynamic Theories The first psychoanalytic theory was conceived by Sigmund Freud (Meyers, 2007). This was the basis for what we have today regarding psychodynamic personality theories. Sigmund Freud’s contribution to this theory includes his thoughts on the stages of psychosexual development, conscious and unconscious minds, and defense mechanisms. This made way for other great psychologists to offer contributions to psychodynamic personality theories, like Alfred Adler’s individual psychological theory, Melanie Klein’s object relations theory, Carl Jung’s analytical psychology theory, and finally, Karen Horney’s psychoanalytic social theory. In this analysis we will look at two specific parts of analyzing psychodynamic theories.
In our matrix we will discuss Allport’s psychology of the individual theory, and the trait and factor theory. Both theories express how personality can change personalities and, the different associations that we have over time. Allport’s theory, psychology of the individual, sees human personality different from psychoanalytical and behavioral views. Allport believed that individual’s personality and behavior were not only determined by experiences stored in the unconscious but also by conscious decisions made in the present (Feist & Feist, 2009). Allport also believed that humans are not only organisms that react to rewards and punishment instead humans can interact with the environment and vice versa (Feist & Feist, 2009).