Human Trafficking Essay

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Why does sex-trafficking still exist nowadays? Thousand Pieces of Gold by Ruthanne Lum McCunn is a powerful biographical novel that tells a story about a tragic real life of Lalu Nathoy, a Chinese girl later known as Polly. Polly's father sold her to a bandit because of poverty, then she was smuggled into California, the United States, for sex slavery when she was very young. Through Polly’s unfortunate life, we can see that Polly is one of millions of “sex-trafficking” victims. State of California - Department of Justice website cites sex trafficking definition is “the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act". Sex-trafficking has been started growing since 1900s in the United States when a wave of Chinese immigration to California occurred. Even though U.S. government strive for protecting women and children rights by passing laws and legislation, sex-trafficking has been growing faster and bigger nowadays. This research paper is to demonstrate the fast growth of sex-trafficking in California from 1900s to these modern days, which is becoming a large criminal industry - sex industry, and to state the effort of the U.S. government to fight against this crime. Sex-trafficking has been formed in California since a big wave of immigrants in 1900s. Majority of victims in California at that time were foreigners who sold to the traffickers and smuggled to California. They were women and children who were kidnapped or sold to be sex-slaves for the benefits of the "pimp or sex trafficking organizations" by threats, abuses, forces, and abductions. They were considered as profitable commodities for sales, thus they became a target for traffickers. Polly, a main character in Thousand Pieces of Gold, is a particular example. She was sold as a sex slave in order to save her family from debt. Because

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