Human Rights (for Childrens) Essay

1085 WordsSep 6, 20125 Pages
HUMAN RIGHTS The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most widely accepted human rights convention within the United Nations system. It has been ratified, or acceded to, by 191 States (all but two, Somalia and the United States). For the first time ever in the history of international standard-setting we benefit from a universal normative consensus, freely accepted and shared by virtually all countries around the world. In expressing commitment to bringing the principles of the Convention of the Rights of the Child into practice, States are provided by the Convention with a framework in which to develop an agenda for children. At the same time, the Convention constitutes a common reference against which progress can be assessed and results compared. UNICEF can use its principles and provisions as guidance for its programmes of cooperation, for advocacy and for the development of partnerships designed to create a wide alliance in favour of children, as well as to monitor progress in the situation of children. 2. A new ethical attitude towards children In the light of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, children are no longer envisaged as mere recipients of services or beneficiaries of protective measures. Rather, they are subjects of rights and participants in actions affecting them. They need to be respected in their individuality and in their evolving capacity to influence decisions relevant to their lives. Even in countries where democratic institutions have been established, a look at the situation of children made us realize that systems supposedly based on participation and public scrutiny had failed to listen to the voices of the most vulnerable. They were not prepared to take into real consideration the special needs and the unique potential of children. With the advent of the Convention, this has changed

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