Human Rights Essay

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Human Rights Manual Guidelines for Implementing a Human Rights Based Approach in ADC Imprint Owner and publisher: Austrian Development Agency (ADA), the operational unit of Austrian Development Cooperation Zelinkagasse 2, 1010 Vienna, Austria Tel.: +43 (0)1 90399-0 Fax: +43 (0)1 90399-1290 office@ada.gv.at www.entwicklung.at The manual was prepared by: Austrian Development Agency Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights Editorial team: Franziska Walter, Manfred Nowak, Christine Sommer, Helmut Sax, Georg Huber-Grabenwarter Vienna, July 2010 Order information: Austrian Development Agency Information and Communication oeza.info@ada.gv.at; www.entwicklung.at CONTENTS Contents List of abbreviations Foreword 1. 1.1 1.1.1 1.1.2 1.1.3 1.2 1.2.1 1.2.2 1.3 1.3.1 1.3.2 1.4 1.4.1 1.4.2 1.4.3 1.4.4 1.4.5 1.4.6 2. 2.1 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3 3. 3.1 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.1.4 3.1.5 3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 What are human rights? Fundamental concepts Universal set of values based on law Human dignity and human rights Development of human rights What does the human rights based approach mean? Paradigm shift based on emancipation and responsibility Protection of human rights as a development policy goal Major human rights treaties Universal standards Regional standards – Europe, America, Africa, Arab Region, Asia Who monitors compliance with human rights? Respect, protect and fulfil rights Monitoring task of states International political monitoring and fact-finding International monitoring by human rights treaty bodies Regional human rights courts International Criminal Court Human rights as a principle of ADC Introduction Human rights as a normative principle Non-discrimination and equal opportunities Participation and empowerment Accountability Human rights in programming Introduction Human rights assessment as part of country programming Human

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