Human Rights Essay

2029 WordsFeb 5, 20139 Pages
ENFORCEMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN INDIA BY S. Dorothy Deepa (Author) & R. Sathyanarayana (Co-author) [pic] PG DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ST.JOSEPH’S COLLEGE OF COMMERCE BANGALORE-560025 ENFORCEMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN INDIA INTRODUCTION: “Right is a child of law” Human rights are a concept that has been persistently evolving throughout human history. They were intricately tied to the laws, customs and religions throughout the age. It was in ancient Greece where the concept of human rights began to take a greater meaning. Human rights became synonymous with natural rights, rights that spring from natural law. Thomas Hobbes, (1588-1679) saw natural law as being very vague and hollow and too open to vast differences of interpretation. Therefore under positive law, instead of human rights being absolute, they can be given, taken away, and modified by a society to suit its needs. As per considering the obligation and duties of international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights. Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law in the forms of treaties, general principles, etc. International law states certain obligation of government to do or do not in certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights. According to the report of United States Library of Congress of 2010, India has significant human rights problems. They identified the lack of accountability for security forces, police brutality, torture, etc. The perception and fortitude of human rights is reflected in the Preamble to the Constitution of India. In the Constitution, most of the human rights are assured to the citizens of India in the form of Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy. As in the international covenants on Civil and Political Rights and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, in the Indian

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