Human Resource Essay

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The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available at Journal of Management Development 18,9 714 A case study of Japanese multinational companies in the UK Dipak R. Basu and Victoria Miroshnik Nagasaki University, Japan Keywords Human resource management, Management, Strategic management, Japanese management styles, Multinationals Abstract We have analysed the human resources management system in Japanese automobile companies, Toyota and Nissan, in their overseas production plants in the UK and have tried to analyse differences if any between their original human resources management system in Japan and in their foreign operations. We found out that these companies, as far as their internal operations are concerned, have tried to implement their original practices in spite of cultural differences. However, in the case of production management system they are not completely successful because of organisational differences in their foreign locations. We have analysed the effects of these novel practices on the industrial scene in the UK in general. Strategic human resource management of Japanese multinationals The Journal of Management Development, Vol. 18 No. 9, 1999, pp. 714-732. # MCB University Press, 0262-1711 Japanese manufacturing organisations have made a lot of inroads in overseas production bases. The successes of their enterprises have raised interests on the system of production and organisation peculiar to the Japanese business firms (Wickens, 1987; Suzaki, 1987). Particularly that is true about the automobile production sector where non-Japanese firms are adopting Japanese methods of management in a number of countries in order to compete effectively against Japanese firms (Womack et al., 1990; Monden, 1983; Hayes, 1981; Imai, 1986). Spread of this enthusiasm is basically due to the

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