Human Geography Worksheet.

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1. Define map: 2. Name and define the five concepts that guide geographers a) b) c) d) e) 3. Define cartography: ● MAPS 4. A map serves two purposes a) b) 5. Give two examples of early mapmaking and its (unusual?) materials for the maps. (a) (b) 6. Who first demonstrated that the earth was round? How? 7a. Who was the first to use the term “geography.” 7b. List three of his contributions in geography at that time. (a) (b) (c) 8. Provide an example of developments in geography for each of the following: [pic] 9. Define scale: 10. When geographers convert the round earth to a flat map, they use a projection. All projections have some distortion (only a globe has none). List the four things that typically become distorted in various projections. a. c. b. d. 11. Two important projections are the Mercator and the Robinson. Complete the table below to compare their advantages and disadvantages. [pic] 12. With regard to the Land Ordinance of 1785, which became the official survey system for the United States, define the following: a) township b) sections ● CONTEMPORARY TOOLS 13. Geographers use a GIS (Geographic Information System) to store “layers” of data. Give three examples of types of data stored in a single layer. 14a. Define remote sensing: 14b. Remotely sensed images consist of pixels. What is the smallest area on the surface of the earth that can be scanned as a single pixel? 14c. List several things that geographers can map using remotely sensed

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