Human Geography: the Dust Bowl Migration

327 Words2 Pages
Summary: The Dust Bowl Migration The Dust Bowl was an ecological disaster in the Great Plains during the 1930’s. The Great Plains had suffered severe drought for several years which then led to the depletion of the soil used by farmers to harvest their major crops- wheat and cotton. This interesting phenomenon led to the massive migration of almost 3 million farmers and the intervention from the government. This mass migration became known in History as the Dust Bowl Migration. Since it occurred during the Great Depression, the Dust Bowl migration became significant due to the riskiness in relocation because of such high unemployment rates. So, in the context of very low internal migrations in America at this time, the Dust Bowl Migration really stands out. However, apart from the fame, the migration was misnamed because most of the people migrating weren’t victims of the dust; instead they were victims of drought and depression. Despite of the critical distance, 200,000-400,000 farmers- out of the 3 million- from Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Kansas, and Missouri traveled as families to California. The push factors of their homeland- no arable land for crops, contaminated water, and no money- caused the farmers and their families to leave .Then California’s pull factors, such as harvest labor job opportunities, attracted these refugees of depression. All of these families that come from the same region and are migrating to California are an example of a chain migration. Also, since it stayed in the United States, it could be known as an internal migration. Inter- regional could also be another name for this migration because the farmers migrated from one region to a different region but remained in the United States. However, due to such massive migration of people to California, there was a huge decline in employment rates, shortage in work, and low wages. By late
Open Document