Human Essay

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Rehabilitation of impoverished urban neighborhoods by large-scale renovation or reconstruction of housing and public worksWorld Cities The Global Pattern Types of City Millionaire city: a city with over one million inhabitants - 578 such cities Mega city: metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million. Could be a result of one metropolitan area converging with another (urban sprawl) - 27 such cities World city: a city that acts as a major centre for finance, trade, business, politics, culture, science, information gathering and diffusion, publishing and mass media and all of the associated activities - serving not just a country or region but the whole world e.g. New York, London and Tokyo * World cities are resource centres: * Companies need access to knowledge in order to grow which can be found in cities * Two kinds of knowledge: codified which is carried and spread by technology and tacit which depends on discussion and face to face contact. * World cities are learning centres: * Companies have to be part of networks of learning that exist in clusters e.g. universities * World cities can be seen as ‘learning regions’, ‘smart cities’, ‘science cities’ or ‘creative hubs’. * World cities are centres of spatial proximity * Tacit knowledge far easier if there is a high concentration of people and opportunities for interaction and knowledge sharing Three characteristics of world cities: 1. Shed a lot of their routine to other cities and countries 2. High levels of synergy in their economic structures 3. Offer a wide range of jobs however have a tendency towards a polarised labour force with an increasing spatial distribution in types of residential areas. Data: In 1960: 9 of the world’s biggest cities were in developing countries, however by 2008, 48 out of the 68 cities with

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