Religious ideas - 1964: founding the organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU)  Malcolm wanted to turn his ideas into reality; Nation of Islam was only a passive religious community for him - 1964: he left the Nation of Islam because of the constant treat and the different views of the members and himself - On February 21th, 1965 Malcolm X was killed by a few black men (during holding a speech). Until today the murderers’ reason and origin is unknown. But probably the men were connected/linked with the Nation of Islam. Quotations of the interview with the PLAYBOY on May 1963 with the journalist Alex Haley: - “Christ wasn’t white. Christ was a black man.” - “Mr Muhammad teaches us to be for what’s really practical – and that’s separation.
Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested during the boycott, his home was bombed and he was subjected to personal abuse. In April 4, 1968 Martin Luther King was assassinated for being black and fighting for equals’ rights. (en.wikipedia.org) and (www.nobelprize.org) Now you might ask, was Socrates wrong for allowing himself to be put to death? This question can be answered in two ways. Socrates was wrong for allowing himself to be put to death because he could have asked the jurors on his trial for a realistic sentence.
Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party in 1966. (Baggins, 2002) The Panthers fought to establish revolutionary socialism through mass organizations and community based programs. They practiced militant self-defense of the minorities against the U.S. government. The Panthers used practices from Malcolm X in there theoretical foundation. They followed his practices of dignity and self-respect to stand up and fight to win for equality for all the oppressed minorities.
Martin Luther King Jr. died on April 4, 1968. He got shot during his stay at Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, having prepared for a speech in support of the black sanitary public works employees. Religiously, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. followed different sect. Malcolm X followed the teaching of Elijah Muhammad, and joined Islam. Martin Luther King Jr. on the other hand, sticks with his father’s Baptist.
The Black Panther Party was the manifestation of the vision of Huey P. Newton. In October of 1966, in the wake of the assassination of black leader Malcolm X and on the heels of the massive black, urban uprising in Watts, California, Newton gathered a few of his longtime friends, including Bobby Seale and David Hilliard, and developed a skeletal outline for this organization. It was originally named the “Black Panther Party for Self Defense.” The black panther was used as the symbol because it was a powerful image, --one that had been used effectively by the short-lived voting rights group, the Lowndes County (Alabama) Freedom Organization. The term “self-defense” was employed to distinguish the Party’s philosophy from the dominant non-violent theme of the civil rights movement, and in homage to another civil rights group, the Louisiana-based “Deacons for Defense.” These two symbolic references were, however, where all similarity between the Black Panther Party and other black organizations of the time ended. The Black Panther was a political organization that stood as one of the most powerful movements for social change in America since the abolition of slavery.
I did a little extra research over the movie just to get some of the other facts maybe they couldn’t put in the movie because of length. Clarence Brandley is an African-American who, in 1981, while a janitor at a high school in Conroe, Texas, was wrongly convicted of the rape and murder of Cheryl Dee Ferguson, a 16 year-old student. Brandley was held for nine years on death row. After lengthy legal proceedings that ended in the Supreme Court of the United States, Clarence Brandley was freed in 1990. Suspicion immediately fell on two of the custodians, Brandley and Henry (Icky) Peace, who had found the body.
Which of the following is NOT an example of racial profiling? a. Elmo Randolph, a black dentist, was stopped dozens of times by the police while driving to and from work. b. Arab American secret service agent, Walied Shater, was prevented from flying on American Airlines. c. High schools and colleges use Indians as mascots for sports teams. X d. Henry Louis Gates, Jr., a black Harvard University professor, was arrested in his own home for disorderly conduct.
They died at an early age of 39 years old. On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was shot to death by Nation of Islam members while speaking at a rally of his organization in New York City. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel by in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968. After their death they still leave a great impact on America history. These two great leaders opened up the door for the civil right movement for African Americans.
Dr Martin Luther King Jr. reached peace and civil disobedience like Mahatma Gandhi whereas Malcolm X called for action (however not to an extent like the Black Panthers where violence would takeover.) Death On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was beginning to speak to an Afro-American Unity Meeting when one man shot him in the chest with a shortened shotgun and another two came and shot him sixteen times with a pistol. Malcolm X died at 3:30 P.M. shortly after arriving at the hospital. Eyewitnesses identified the killers as Thomas Hagan, Norman 3X Butler, and Thomas 15X Johnson, all members of the Nation of Islam. They were charged and sentenced to prison.
However, instead of encouraging them to join NAACP or SCLC she encouraged students to create their own organizations. By 1964, Malcolm X had broken with the Black Muslims. He then went to the Muslim Holy City, Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It was here that he concluded that an intergrated society was possible after all. Malcolm X was killed in 1965 by Black Muslim members.