Hsc2024 Essay

1163 Words5 Pages
Undertake agreed pressure Area care (2024) Outcome 1 1) Describe the anatomy and physiology of the skin in relation to skin breakdown and the development of pressure sores.. There are four stages in relation to the skin breaking down which causes pressure sores, it’s important that the correct staging is done because this determines the sort of medical treatment an individual may require. Stage 1 - Skin may appear reddened like a bruise, the integrity of the skin remains intact - there are no breaks or tears, but the area is at high risk of further breakdown. Stage 2 - The skin breaks open, wears away and forms an ulcer. Stage 3 - The sore worsens and extends beneath the skin surface, forming a small crater. There maybe no pain at this stage due to nerve damage. The risk of tissue death and infection are high. Stage 4 - pressure sores progress with extensive damage to deeper tissues (muscles, tendons and bones) serious complications such as osteomyeltis (infection of the bone) or sepis (infection carried through the blood can occur) 2) Identify pressure sites of the body. Common places where pressure sores are likely too develop are, back of head and ears, elbows, lower back and sacrum area, shoulders, hips, heels and inner knees.. 3) Identify factors which might put on individual at risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores. Factors that put individuals at risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores are confinement to a bed, chair or wheelchair. Inability to change positions without help, loss of bowel or bladder control, poor nutrition and/or dehydration and decreased mental awareness. 4) Describe how incorrect handling and moving techniques can damage the skin. This can happen when residents are moved into chairs, they may be unable to get out of it. The seat surface, covering or padding may cause en even distribution. Wheelchairs which may be
Open Document