Hsc Unit 232

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Unit 232 Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care 1. Understand the anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals 1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals Joints enable your body to move. They are the place where two bones meet. There are several different types of joints. The ball and socket joints are the most mobile type of joint in your body. Other joints such as those between the vertebrae in your spine, which are connected to each other by pads of cartilage, can only move a small amount. Most of your joints are ‘synovial joints’; they are moveable joints containing a lubricating liquid called synovial fluid. Synovial joints are predominant in your limbs where mobility is important. Ligaments help provide their stability and muscles contract to produce movement. The most common synovial joints are listed below: * Ball and socket joints, like your hip and shoulder joints, are the most mobile type of joint in the human body. They allow you to swing your arms and legs in many different directions * Ellipsoidal joints, such as the joint at the base of your index finger, allow bending and extending, rocking from side to side, but rotation is limited * Gliding joints occur between the surfaces of two flat bones that are held together by ligaments. Some of the bones in your wrist and ankles move by gliding against each other * Hinge joints, like in your knee and elbow, enable movement similar to the opening and closing of a hinged door * The pivot joint in your neck allows you to turn your head from side to side * The only saddle joints in your body are in your thumbs. The bones in a saddle joint can rock back and forth and from side to side, but they have limited rotation Bones

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