Muscles pull and move the bones at particular joints, this makes the joint move and therefore the body move. When a muscle contracts, it pulls the bones at the joint in a certain direction that is designed to move. With reduced mobility the muscles can become floppy and make movement slower and more difficult. When the muscles are used on a regular basis they remain firm and move much more easily. When supporting moving and positioning activities, it is important to remember that muscles can only move the bones at a joint foe only as far as the joint allows.
HSC 2028 MOVE AND POSITION INDIVIDUALS IN ACCORDANCE WITH PLAN OF CARE 1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals The anatomy which the physical structure of the body and physiology which is the normal functions of the body help individuals to move their limbs. Muscles have the power of contraction thus it produce movement of the body and allow the bones to work like hinges. When moving someone/individual it is important to remember that the muscles can only move the joint as far as the bones will allow them. 1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual If an individual has suffered from a stroke this may cause loss of movement in the limbs on one side of the body (hemiplegic). In that case it is very important to remember that when you are assisting an individual with regards to dressing you need to dress the individual firstly the bad side and when undressing him/her you do the bad side lastly to prevent discomfort.
When a muscle contacts it pulls the bone in the direction it is designed to move, when somebody has reduced mobility muscles are more flaccid making it more difficult and slower to move. When muscles are used regularly they remain firm and move more easily. Muscles can only move a joint as far as the joint is able to move, if you try and move the joint further than it is designed to then you can cause painful damage to the joint. If this happens the nerve fibres that make the muscle relax and contract can be damaged, so it is very important when moving someone to use the correct moving and handling techniques. 1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual There are some conditions that can have an impact on the correct moving and handling of an individual some examples are: • Stroke – a stroke can have a serious affect on someone, especially if it is a severe one; it can leave someone with permanent weakness down one side or even in a deep coma from which they may never recover, in the same way a stroke can have no long-term damage on somebody’s life.
Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care 1.1 Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals? The skeleton provides support and structure to the body. Joints are where the bones come together, this allows them to be flexible and give movement. Joints are cushioned by cartilage, fluid and synovial membranes. Elderly people lose calcium and other nutrients.
When assisting someone with moving or positioning it is important to remember the muscles can only move the joints as far as the bone will allow them to. 2. Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual. When assisting an individual you have to take into account if the individual has any conditions that might require certain moving techniques. For example people who suffer from Parkinson’s could have rigidity of their limbs which can affect their movement.
Muscles are connected to bones by tendons - When an individual is moved and positioned it is important this happens smoothly. Sudden movements or pulling in any direction of an individual’s limbs or body can cause pulled muscles or tear tendons which can cause a lot of pain. 1.2 When working with individuals with different conditions this affects how we support them to move and change positions. An individual with dementia who is confused might not understand what we are saying and when we are supporting her to move so we have to show the individual by our actions and take time to do this. Individuals with arthritis have to be supported to move gently as they may be in a lot of pain and positioning or moving may be uncomfortable.
In the feet bone spurs can cause corns and calluses, when tissue builds up to provide extra cushion over the bone. Depending on the location of the spur the symptoms may vary. If your spur is on your knee they make it hard to extend and bend your leg. Bone spurs get in the way of tendons that are required to make your knee function properly. If your bone spur is on your spine then the spur can push against your nerves, or even your spinal cord causing numbness and tingling, and possibly restricting blood flow to your brain.
It has been shown that in order to recover faster from an ankle sprain, rigid immobilization of the affected foot must be observed. Doctors can apply a post-mold cast to immobilize the area below and above your injured ankle. To facilitate your mobility, you might also need to use the best crutches for exercise injuries to help you move around. 3. ACL or PCL injuries.
The vertebral column forms a stable but mobile axis for the rest of the body. It is made up of • Bones • Joints • Discs • Ligaments • Muscles • Tendons • Blood vessels The bones provide strength and are honeycombed for lightness, and ligaments , tendons and muscles provide stability. The muscles are also a source of power and provide movement and support for the spinal column, maintaining the natural curves and controlling excessive bending. Muscles are the first line in defense in protecting other structures of the back. Joints are where two or more bones meet.
Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care Outcome 1 1. Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals. There are many different kinds of joints in the human body (hinge/ball and socket for example) and these joints are held together by ligaments and tendons, and it can be quite easy to damage these joints by pulling on them. For example dragging people around a bed or not using a hoist but dragging people up under their armpits can easily sprain / dislocate the individuals shoulder. The spinal column is also made up of individual bones called vertebrae and inbetween the bones there are joints that connect these together and ligaments connect bones to support joints and not moving an individual correctly can cause ligaments to sprain which is why individuals must never be dragged when being moved as this can cause joints to over stretch and then sprain the ligaments.