Hsc 2028 Move and Position Individuals in Accordance with Their Plan of Care

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1.1 Outline the Anatomy & Physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of moving and positioning of individuals. As a care worker in Hafan-Y-Waun residential and nursing home there is a requirement that residents need to be manually moved and positioned in accordance with the care needs. Having an understanding of basic anatomy and physiology can help reduce the risk of harm to yourself or others when undertaking moving and handling procedures. Muscles work like levers and allow the bones at a joint to work like hinges. Muscles pull and move the bones at particular joints; this makes the joint move and therefore the body moves. When a muscle contracts, it pulls the bones at a joint in the direction that it is designed to move. With reduced mobility, muscles can become floppy and make movement slower and more difficult, but when muscles are used on a regular basis, they remain firm and move more easily. When supporting moving and positioning activities, it is important to remember that muscles can only move the bones at a joint as far as the joint allows. The Muscle Anatomy (http://anatomy.askthetrainer.com/) The Skeleton system (http://www.faqs.org/health/Body-by-Design-V2/The-Skeletal-System-Design-parts-of-the-skeletal-system.html) Nerve fibres run all the way through the body and send impulses to muscles, which enable the muscles to contract and relax. Nerve fibres are delicate structures and can easily become damaged through poor moving and handling techniques. The Nerve System (http://oldtownhypnotherapy.com/?page_id=75) 1.2 Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual. There are many different specific conditions that have an impact on moving and positioning here are some of those… Arthritis - People suffering with arthritis will often have
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