Hrm Terms Essay

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Write short notes on the following: (a) Simple Check List (b) Graphic Rating Scale (c) Peer Comparison Method (d) Management by Objective (e) Hallow Effect (a) Simple check list By definition, a simple checklist is a type of informational job aid used to reduce failure by compensating for potential limits of human memory and attention. It helps to ensure consistency and completeness in carrying out a task. A basic example is the "to do list." A more advanced checklist would be a schedule, which lays out tasks to be done according to time of day or other factors. Checklists are often presented as lists with small checkboxes down the left hand side of the page. A small tick or checkmark is drawn in the box after the item has been completed. Excessive dependence of checklists may hinder performance when dealing with a time-critical situation, for example a medical emergency or an in-flight emergency. Checklists should not be used as a replacement for common sense. Intensive training including rote-learning of checklists can help integrate use of checklists with more adaptive and flexible problem solving techniques. (b) Graphic Rating Scale A graphic rating scale is a commonly used scale system for performance appraisals. The scale typically features a Likert scale from 1-3, 1-5, and so on. An example of a 1-3 rating could include responses such as: 1: Poor, 2: Average, and 3: Excellent. The scale that is used for a specific performance appraisal can vary by the dimensions each organization chooses to use. For instance, there may be dimensions such as accountability, customer service, and financial records. The organization has control over how the items measure employee performance. Graphic rating scales often do not describe in detail what is meant by either rating someone with a “1” or a “3” which leaves room for a lot of ambiguity. Organizations can

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