hrm Essay

1811 WordsMar 12, 20098 Pages
Table of Content Introduction Page 1 What is Human Resource Management (HRM) The Objectives of HRM Strategic management and SHRM Theoretical Perspectives of Strategic Human Resource Management Roles of HR practitioner Conclusion Bibliography Introduction It is suggested that the history of HRM can be traced to England, where masons, carpenters, leather workers, and other craftspeople organized themselves into guilds (Jackson and Schuler, 1995). Training in craft skills was organized to maintain an adequate supply of craft workers from the earliest times in Egypt and Babylon. Therefore by the thirteenth century, craft training had become popular in Western Europe. Quality and methods of production and regulated conditions of employment for each occupation was supervised by Craft guilds, which were controlled by the master crafts worker, and the recruit entered after a period of training as an apprentice. The master on his own premises operated the craft system, with his assistants residing and working in the same house. The guilds used their unity to improve their work conditions. Though human resources have been part of business and organizations since the first days of agriculture, the modern concept of human resources began in reaction to the efficiency focus of Taylorism in the early 1900s. By 1920, the human relations movement was started in the United States by psychologists and employment experts, which viewed workers in terms of their psychology and fit with companies, rather than as interchangeable parts. This movement grew throughout the middle of the 20th century, placing emphasis on how leadership, cohesion, and loyalty played important roles in organizational success. The view was increasingly challenged by more quantitatively rigorous and less

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