Howard Zinn's 'American Civilization'

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Michael Broadway American Civilization Howard Zinn Book Assignment 2 2/27/13 Chapter 6 When Zinn says intimately oppressed he is referring to the women of the colonial period and after. A time when women were thought of as inferior and un equal to men. Slave women were twice as oppressed because they were also black. Women were a big part of society, but were still exploited. They were slaves to their husbands in the matter of intimacy. Zinn talks about how other cultures and tribes around the world (including America) treated women with respect. Until they were overthrown by the Europeans. The Zuni Tribe were large clans based on women. Women had equal rights and were able to divorce their husbands and keep the land. The…show more content…
Is the sky owned by birds, and the river owned by fish?”- Lupe Fiasco I think it’s interesting in the beginning of the chapter he says that in 1790, there were 3,900,000 Americans who lived along the Atlantic Ocean living in America. By 1830 there were 13 million. And in 1840 4 ½ million crossed over the Appalachian Mountains. In 1820 120,000 Indians lived east of the Mississippi River. Fewer than 30,000 were left in 1844. They were forced to migrate due to a process called Indian Removal. The Americans found it necessary to get rid of the natives so that they can grow crops on their land and live “civilized”. The American government was cruel and corrupt in their dealings with the Natives. During the Revolution, most Native tribes fought on the British side. When the war ended the British went back to Great Britain, and the Natives stayed and continued fighting. Thomas Jefferson said in 1791 “That where the Indians lived within state boundaries they should not be interfered with, and the government should remove white settlers who tried to encroach on them”. It seems as if Jefferson wants the Natives to be left alone. More settlers were moving west, so Jefferson committed the federal government to promote future removal of the Creek and Cherokee Indians. He wanted them to go further west and be farmers after he purchased the Louisiana…show more content…
One year late he was found dead. When he says emancipation without freedom, he is referring to the fact that even though the slaves may have been legally free, they still didn’t have their freedom. The free black man or woman would still be looked at as not equal to whites. They could not vote. In the north a black would have to own $250 in property, in order to vote. The U.S. government and Andrew Jackson administration collaborated with the south to keep abolitionist literature out of the mail. Lincoln opposed slavery, but he still did not consider blacks as equals. His approach was to send the blacks back to Africa. In 1862, congress passed a Confiscation Act freeing slaves fighting in the union. Union generals did not enforce this Act. Lincoln ignored the non-enforcement. Off duty black soldiers were attacked in northern cities. When serving, they were made to do the heaviest, dirtiest jobs. They knew how limited freedom the emancipation proclamation would give them. In April 1964, the senate adopted the thirteen amendment declaring an end to
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