The role of women before war: Upper-class women did not work before the war and few worked after it. Working-class women, on the other hand, had to work to help keep their families. They worked before the war mostly in factories and in domestic services as maids. As many as 11% of all women worked as domestic servants before the war. The war gave them the chance to work in a greater variety of jobs but most of these new jobs were lost at the end of the war.
Although before the Civil War, women rarely took a part in society, the war significantly changed women’s roles in many ways. Before the Civil War, women typically worked in and around their homes. The typical housewife would cook, clean and raise many children while the men worked. Many people typically did not promote women to branch out outside their homes, particularly stated by historian, Linda Miles Coppens that “Horace Man, president of Ohio’s new interracial and coeducational college publishes ‘A Few Thoughts on the Power and Duties of Women’ in New York. He warns women against vocations of preaching or politics, explaining that they can influence public opinion in their homes and communities.” They were strictly housewives and were destined to raise children.
Some women “felt they were needed at home to raise families, crops for food and to fill the jobs that the men had vacated in order to serve their country.”(Suite101) Women’s lives on the home front during World War II were a significant part of the war effort for all participants and had a major impact on the outcome of the war. Once the men went off to war and left their jobs, the women that were single had a great advantage because job opportunities were everywhere. In the other hand married women had a tough time, especially if they had children. Hundreds of women worked in machine shops, welding shops, manufacturing plants, and also worked in war industries to make equipment for the war. New industries, naval, and army bases were being built during the home front.
They wanted equality for women in the workplace, in society generally and at home. “After discovering that they could work in high-paying factory jobs, the majority of women did not want to give these jobs up after World War II.” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Womenroles_in_the_WorldWarsUnitedStatesofAmerica
Since most of the men were off fighting, the women were needed to stay home and run things so that the economy would not completely fall apart. Before the war, women mostly depended on men for financial support. But with so many men gone to battle and then dying, plenty of women had to go work to support themselves. They helped provide food and other supplies to the military, served as telephone operators, and worked as journalists. Some women went to work in factories while others worked as trolley car drivers.
Some women worked so long in the factories that they had to move closer to the factory. They got paid well, however men doing the same work as skilled women got paid more. That was not fair for the women. They struggled with discrimination, harassment, and physical pain from long hours and poor working conditions. Once the war was over and the men came home, the women had to give up their jobs and these hard-working women did not want to leave their jobs.
Women were once only seen in homes cleaning and cooking and the era of Rosie was the first step in women’s rights. Though at the end of the war men returned to their old factory jobs forcing women out of their maculating jobs, they showed women as a whole that they could do the same thing men could. While women did not end up reentering the work force until the 1970’s they were not in such high demand at this time either
They were made to work for hours without sufficient pays. The working conditions were also adverse as they had to work in their under garments in the summers and when it rained there was no proper system of preventing them from leaking ceiling. Castells also argues that these feminist uprisings are not new these are as old as class politics. Castells has classified typologies of feminist movements into six categories and the most related and broader category is "Practical feminists", practical feminists are those who argue for the exploitation of working women in corporate world. Their adversary is
Since their husbands were laid off, bringing in little or no money, the women went out to look for part time jobs such as being a maid to the wealthier families. The women also had a hard time keeping her young children in school, especially if they lived on a farm because the children would need to help their mother and father with the animals and crops, so they wouldn’t get a proper education. The few women that went to collage had to drop out because the price was too high to afford to stay in. It was harder for women to get a job because they were weaker than men and most likely inexperienced but they would take what they could get, if they could get anything. The women who was at their last resort was to send their children away to work and earn a small pay to buy food.
Once the war-ended women got laid off from their jobs as men took them back. The postwar culture embraced a contradiction between the tensions of domestic ideals and individual success. This was hard for women because during World War II expectations were raised of what life could be like. Women believed it was possible to imagine these duel roles to experience economic dependence; however this ends