Also the state of the country during World War One left a lot to be desired and created a lot of dissatisfaction amongst the Russian people. It could be stated that Nicholas II was responsible for tsardom‟s collapse. „He was a monarch whose capacity for hard work was not matched by outstanding intelligence. He had no clear vision for Russia‟s future.‟ (Service 1998: 20). Nicholas was not suited to his role as Tsar, and would rather spend his time with his family.
The crushing of Russian’s military added movement to the 1905 Revolution, as it made the people of Russia aware of the weakness of their military, making many people become un-patriotic. They were losing to a nation very few had heard of and it was humiliating. However, many of the defeats to the Russian military occurred after the Revolution had started, not causing its outbreak, but merely adding to the opposition to autocratic rule by the Tsar and prolonging the Revolution. The Russo-Japanese War also brought about economic problems for Russia, and this therefore meant there was a significant lack of money to solve any other problems present Russia, hence partly being responsible for
This predominantly Protestant power base caused disputes with the Catholics who immigrated to America, as the Catholics felt disenfranchised and apathetic due to the politicians in power not being able to relate to their culture. In addition, many of the traditions of that those who immigrated were discordant with those of the WASPs, which generated great amounts of segregation and suspicion around those who immigrated. A prime example of this would be the Russian Jews, as their beliefs about washing their dead were very different to the traditional funeral values instilled in the Protestants. Moreover, the suspicion was in many cases political as well as religious, due to the proliferation of socialist, and later Communist ideals in Europe: both were substantially different to the philosophies set out in the American Constitution. For example many of the Jews escaping the Pogroms in Russia had been influenced by the ideas of Karl Marx and Lenin.
Also the state of the country during World War One left a lot to be desired and created a lot of dissatisfaction amongst the Russian people. Tsar Nicholas II was responsible for the fall of the Romanov dynasty, but to a notable extent, as there were other factors more significant to account for the collapse of the Romanovs. It’s reasonable if one states that Nicholas II was responsible for stardom’s collapse. Many criticized the Tsar as a Monarch whose capacity for hard work and commitment wasn’t matched by outstanding intelligence, and had no clear vision for Russia’s future. Nicholas was not suited to his role as Tsar, and would rather spend his time with his family.
One of the main reasons that Russia was hard to govern was the fact that it and its population were so diverse. Russia had such a varied population, with lots of different nationalities and religions, all of who were bound to have different cultures and different ways of doing things. This was likely to cause a rift in between cultures, as well as it being hard to govern many groups of people, all who believed in different values. Also, it probably meant that not everyone spoke Russian, which would have caused a enormous alienation from the native population of Russia - around 40% - or at least those who spoke the language. Secondly, a flaw in the governing of Russia was the rifts between the classes, as nearly 90% of Russia was made up of peasants, who had absolutely no power in society.
In the 16th century the church played a huge role in the lives of people in Europe, however, in some parts and Germany in particular, the Church was seen as not responding to the appetite for spiritual fulfillment and failing in some of its duties. The Church was involved not just spiritually but economically, politically and educationally; therefore, any corruption within the Church had consequences all over Christendom. The role of the Church was to perform the seven sacraments in order for Catholics to reach their goal – salvation. Firstly, the Church was resented because it was corrupt. This was resented in Germany because it seemed hard to obtain salvation and live a spiritual life when the representatives of Christianity were dishonest.
And if that wasn’t enough, the Russian Army also requisitioned all the horses from Farms for the Army, again making it very difficult to produce food. The war was also the main problem because it meant that there weren’t many soldiers in Russia to stop the revolution, they were all in the front lines. If Russia hadn’t participated in the War, the revolution might not have happened. The control of the Army was also a problem for the Tsar because he didn’t have control of the Army, and therefore couldn’t control the mutiny that occurred when he told soldiers to shoot the protesters. I think the most important problem facing the Tsar in February 1917 was the War.
Not all peasants were loyal or religious as many supported the opposition, the Social Revolutionaries. Their main discontent was over land - they resented the amount of land owned by the aristocracy, the Church and the Tsar. They also hated the conditions they had to live in and work. An example of their horrible conditions was that the life expectancy for an average peasant farmer was only forty years old. Most of the peasants wanted change and the way they could do was to get the Tsar out and they could achieve that through the Social Revolutionaries and other opposition parties.
They were also in a country plagued by a financial crisis with the majority of the population automatically having hatred for the government. The treaty of Versailles also posed a serious threat to the government with the country left embarrassed by its ruling and the war guilt that Germany faced. The extreme right in particular were a threat to the republic. The actions of the Spartacists in particular concerned the leaders of the SPD as they knew that they could not rely on the support of the army in the face of a revolt. Thus a deal was done with the right wing (the pre 1918 military, judiciary and civil service).
In order to prevent a union uprising, like those that were happening overseas in Russia, many union leaders received unconstitutional treatment, many who were native born were jailed, while those who were born elsewhere were often deported. By 1920, the political atmosphere in America had become overwhelmingly conservative. In conjunction with red scare fears, the end of the war left a bitter taste in the mouths of many and Americans were looking for a change in