How Was Augustus Transformed Replubic to Principate

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How was Augustus able to transform Rome from Republic to Principate (44BC – 14AD)? Augustus was able to transfer Rome from republic to principate due to a number of significant events of equal prominence. Augustus had to face many hurdles to transform Rome to a much more developed yet traditional form of government. The key events which helped Augustus transform Rome were Octavian’s early career, the second triumvirate, the battle of Actium and the settlements of 27 and 23 BC. The first stage to the development was the early career of Augustus which helped him secure a place in politics. Augustus was not his original name but was rather given to him after he had reined a powerful position later on in his career. His original name was Gaius Octavian and he was the nephew of the almighty and powerful, Julius Caesar. In 47 BC after Julius Caesar had established himself as the unquestioned authority, he elected Octavian to the college of pontifices. In 46 BC Caesar enrolled Octavian in the patrician class and in late 45 BC Caesar sent Octavian to Macedonia to complete his education and military apprenticeship. In 44 BC while Octavian was still Macedonia he heard the news of his great uncles assignation by Brutus, Cassius and some other senators in Rome. After Caesars will had been opened and read; Octavian had been formally adopted by Caesar and was heir to three quarters of Julius’ estate. From now on Octavian called himself Gaius Julius Caesar, it was to gain him the support of Rome’s legions. Caesar’s death left a vacuum and was briefly filled by Marc Antony, consul of 44. Octavian gained popularity among the roman people by hosting great games and paying Rome’s citizens what Caesar had promised. In 43 Cicero used Octavian as he had raised large forces. Octavian was granted proprietorial imperium. Octavian was elected as consul for 23 BC along with his cousin
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