How Typical Is Kenilworth Castle?

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Geoffrey De Clinton owned Kenilworth Castle from 1120 – 1174. During these 46 years, Clinton used the castle to show his power to other castles in the area such as Warwick Castle. Castles were important to this family for keeping control of the region, this is apparent in the Kenilworth Castle book where it states that both Brandon and Kenilworth Castles were built by the De Clintons. Kenilworth was actually modelled from Windsor Castle, a royal castle in London. This is an example of how important Kenilworth Castle was at this time and also how far the De Clintons went to maintain their power. This also shows that Kenilworth was not a typical castle because there were other castles shaped from it and the De Clintons had used other designs to create one of their forts. Geoffrey probably built an earth and timber castle to start off the castle buildings. He then built a Stone Keep which was made out of soft local sandstone to replace the timber one that was probably there before. This would have created much better defence from attack than a wooden fort. However there is no solid evidence that there was ever a Motte of earth crowned by timber buildings, it has only been mentioned in fictional stories which could stretch the truth. King John had Kenilworth Castle from 1174 – 1244 and used it for defence and strategic importance. New features were built such as a Great Tower, a single bailey causeway, the outer circuit made of stone with towers and improved water defences. The King built these because he wanted it to be a strongly defended royal castle. Lunn’s Tower was part of the King’s defence wall, purely used for military. It had fish-tailed arrow slits and it controlled the north-east angle of the defences and the moat in front. These towers were built out of local red sandstone which would have been expensive and looked good. From the amount of money John
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