Become more alert when awake and learn to roll from side to back. 3-9 months. At this age they are starting to establish head control, moving their head around to follow objects and people. They begin to sit with support and from around 6 months old will start to sit unsupported. They will start to roll over and may begin to start to crawl.
Shows feelings such as excitement and fear, reacts positively to a carer who is kind and southing if a carer does not respond to a baby, the baby may stop trying to interact. | 3-6 months | Turns from front to back. Can hold head in central position, head can still drop but back is straighter. By six months they can turn from from to back to front and may do reverse. Sit unsupported for some time, use hands to play with feel and may put them in the mouth.
The challenge is to identify and use other relevant information to improve decisions about individual children. Speech, language and communication difficulties can have a profound and lasting effect on children's lives. For a small percentage of children their disability cannot be prevented, but early intervention is just as vital as for those with less severe difficulties to help give a child the best possible support that they need. The impact of these difficulties will vary according to the severity of the problem, the support the child receives, the child's confidence and the demands of the child's environment. Children with specific language impairment have Social and behavioural problems, Withdrawn behaviour Aggressive behaviour Difficulty relating to others Learning difficulties There are thousands of children and young people effectively disabled by Speech, language and communication impairments.
Explain the difference between the sequence of development and the rate of development and why the difference is important. The sequence of development is the order in which development takes place. Some parts of the sequence may be missed. For example: a baby first starts to roll, after 6-7 months they try to sit and soon after they start crawling using their legs and hands. At the age of one they will try to stand holding things, try to walk holding parents’ hands and finally they reach a stage of succession where they can walk independently.
Shortly after they will start to roll, sit up without any adults or objects supporting them. They will be able to hold toys for longer and put objects in their mouths, this is how they explore the objects. Before babies start to crawl they usually follow the same pattern and move backwards before being able to move forward. Not all babies will crawl some will bum shuffle or bare walk. Babies at around this mile stone will also be able to point to objects and deliberately throw objects.
* When on his tummy, head, neck and chest can be pushed off the floor. * Within 4 – 6 months * By 3 months they can grasp wit fingers/look at hands. * Within 3 – 4 months they can grasp an object. * The ability to chew is developed at 5- 6 months. * Hold eye contact.
It is important to recognise the difference so you can identify where children need help or may be at risk of having SEN. Information and sources we receive are only guidelines. These help us to monitor what children can and cant do at certain stages in their lives, it will also help us to plan effectively to ensure they get the attention they need, in the areas in which they find challenging. Maturation is the genetically programmed series of changes leading to maturity. These changes occur in the same sequence in everybody, but there are great individual differences, for example: - size, weight, height are linked to Ossification which helps you develop your fine motor skills. Cephalocaudal development is the head to toe sequence; babies first have to have neck control before they can sit with support, then on to pulling themselves in to the standing position, then crawl and then to walk, they follow the pattern so this happens if they didn’t then they would not be able to do this.
Social and Emotional Development Physical development Communication and Language Personal Social and Emotional Development (PSED) Children must be provided with experiences and support which will help them to develop a positive self of themselves and others, to have respect for others social skills and a positive disposition to learning, practitioners must ensure support for children’s emotional well being enabling them to know themselves and what they can do. For children this means being special to someone and well cared for this is vital for their physical social and emotional well being. When a child is acknowledged by the important people in there life, a child will grow in confidence, and gain inner strength through their secure attachments with them. Exploration within a close relationship will lead to growing self assurance, which will promote a sense of belonging allowing the child to explore the world from a secure base. A child needs an adult to set a good example and to give them opportunities to interact with others so they can develop positive ideas both about themselves and others.
Baby will reach to grab objects and those objects start to go in their mouths. By the time they are a year old, a child will sit unaided, will start to crawl or shuffle and will be able to stand with support. Baby will raise his arms to be lifted and respond to his name. Hand to eye co-ordination improves and baby now looks for hidden objects, reaches for food and passes objects from hand to hand. From 1 to 2 years, baby will start walking and toys will usually be pushed or pulled along as an aid.
Children with speech and communication difficulties: There are usually reasons why Children find it hard to communicate. This could be due to a hearing impairment or Autism etc. You should provide other opportunities for them to communicate such as signing, gestures, and visual clues. This can be used with practice to construct sentences and help the children communicate their needs and wants. This can be of more benefit to the child if everyone is working together such as parents/staff and outside agencies.