Neutrons, Protons and electrons are all sub-atomic particles. In relative mass, we always think of protons and neutrons in having a mass of 1 and electrons a mass of 1/1840, which shows that electrons are considerably smaller than protons and neutrons, and only make up a small part of the atom. The amount of protons and neutrons added together is the relative atomic mass, and this is the main structure of the atom. 2. The arrangement of particles in an atom Protons and neutrons make up the main, dense, central nucleus in the centre of the atom.
Describe the differences between protons and electrons The difference between protons and electrons is that protons are positively charged and that elections are negatively charged. Another difference is that protons are in the nucleus and electrons circle the nucleus in shells outside the nucleus. What is the difference between the mass number and the relative atomic mass of an element? The difference between the mass number and the atomic mass is that the mass number is the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus and the relative atomic mass is the mass of an atom. Distinguish between an element and a compound with 2 examples for each An element is a substance that cannot be broken down into any simpler substances.
The nucleus is surrounded by circling electrons on the outer shell. In most cases, atoms are neutrally charged (there is the same number of electrons as protons). If an atom has more electrons than protons, it is negatively charged. If an atom has more protons than electrons, it is positively charged. Static electricity is produced from a process known as triboelectrification.
Electromagnetism Everything is made out of atoms. Atoms consist of a nucleus (containing neutrons and protons) and a cloud of electrons surrounding the nucleus. Protons are positively charged and electrons are negatively charged. If an object has more protons than neutrons, then it is negatively charged. If an object has more electrons than protons, then it is positively charged.
INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR REACTION: The main features of nuclear reactions include radioactive decay, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. Radioactive decay: Energy is released in a radioactive decay in the form of the kinetic energy of the particle emitted (α and β), the kinetic energy of the daughter nucleus and the energy of the gamma-ray photon that may accompany the decay. The energy involved may be calculated by finding the mass defect of the reaction. The energy released is the energy equivalent of the mass defect of the reaction. Nuclear fission: Nuclear fission is the process in which a large nucleus breaks into two smaller nuclei that are almost equal in mass.
Astronomy 10 Chapter 11 1. Both used to be normal stars but the white dwarf ran out of hydrogen, they are both subjected to gravitational theories. A Neutron star is a fluid of neutrons, as hot at its surface as the inside of the sun and has a greater magnetic field. 3. Because its density is so high, neutrons spin in the same way that electrons do so must obey the Pauli Exclusion Principle.
Technically, electricity is created by particles that carry a charge, usually electrons. In a wire or any other conductor, electrons move freely around the stationary atomic nuclei making up the conductor. Electrical current is the movement of these charged particles. In most conductors, the flow of electrons is impeded by some resistance, which can be thought of as collisions of electrons with the nuclei or other electrons. This creates an atomic-level "friction" which produces heat (and light in some cases, such as a light bulb or glowing heater element).
Figure 2 shows a circuit with a resistor R = 1.0 × 103 Ω, and a battery with potential diﬀerence of VB = 5.0V . (a) Solve the circuit in Figure 2. That is, ﬁnd all unknown currents, voltages, and resistances. (b) What is the direction of the current? Note: I want the direction of the conventional current.
Although some subatomic particles have a greater mass than some atoms. Subatomic particles are made of quarks such as a proton which is made of two up quarks and one down quark. The atom is a basic unit of matter that consists of a dense nucleus surrounded by negatively charged electrons. The atomic nucleus contains a mix of positively charged protons and electrically neutral neutrons. The electrons of an atom are bound to the nucleus by the electromagnetic force.
Strong electrolytes produce large numbers of ions, which results in high conductivity values. Weak electrolytes result in low conductivity, and non-electrolytes should result in no conductivity. In this experiment, you will observe several factors that determine whether or not a solution conducts, and if so, the relative magnitude of the conductivity. Thus, this simple experiment allows you to learn a great deal about different compounds and their resulting solutions. In each part of the experiment, you will be observing a different property of electrolytes.