How Successful Were Wolsey’s Domestic Policies? Essay

745 WordsApr 8, 20123 Pages
Wolsey was born in Ipswich in 1472 to a working class family. He was a talented scholar who progressed from humble begins as a Butcher’s son to being Henry VIII's highest advisor by 1515 and was also nicknamed ‘Alter Rex’. However Wolsey knew that I order stay on top he had to be Henry’s “faithful servant”. He was determined to provide Henry with proficient government and to remain at the head of the Church for a long time. In contrast to Wolsey downfall in 1529 - encouraged by his enemies, he manage to stay on top for a long duration of time, 15 years of ruthlessly controlling patronage which is quite impressive. Wolsey began successfully in increasing finance for Henry’s “magnyficence” and wars. In had some important succeeded in what was known as the Tudor “Subsidy” which raised more revenue than the old tax of Fifteenths and Tenths which had became outdated and insufficient due to it being based on unchanging property values, set up centuries ago raising about £90,000 with a new system on income (increasing over time) and raise £170,000 on the 4 occasions it was levied. Furthermore, his National Survey of 1522 updated information on people’s income so that more was collected. Two Forced Loans (parliamentary grants) where used for Henry’s second French War in 1522 and 1523 which raised £250,000. His Act of Resumption 1515 by claiming back royal lands given away in earlier reigns increased royal revenue. Wolsey was extremely successful in the area’s that where more important to Henry. On the other hand, some his greatest failures were acknowledged in this area, gaining him powerful enemies among the landowners and in Parliament. He conveyed poor management in achieving difficult tasks like in the anticlerical parliament of 1515 and had to settle for only half of what he had demanded in the Forced Loan standoff of 1523 as people resented the request and refused
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