How Successful Were the Policies of Industrialisation and Collectivisation? Essay

1329 Words6 Pages
How Successful Were the Policies of Industrialisation and Collectivisation Industrialisation and Collectivisation were both introduced by Stalin to modernise the USSR and its agriculture. They were designed to help meet the challenges that were to follow however Stalin had a big task on his hands. When he took over Russia after Lenin, the industry was only focused in a few major cities where the workers were badly educated and therefore unskilled. So, Stalin went about modernising Russia by introducing a series of five-year-plans. This was the beginning of industrialisation. The five-year-plans were rather complex however, everyone had clear targets in which they were to attempt to achieve. The targets were extremely ambitious for production in products such as coal, electricity and steel although each individual worker knew exactly what their target was for each shift. Stalin’s ideas f or collectivisation were set out in 1929, a few years before the first five-year-plan started in 1933. Collectivisation was where the peasants were to put their land, which they owned, together to form large joint farms called kolkhoz however, small plots could be kept for their own personal use. This plan was introduced to accommodate the changes needed for the five-year-plans to be a success; the agriculture needed modernising first. Collectivisation meant that animals and tools were to be pooled together and only 10% of produce made could be shared to feed the kolkhoz. Stalin had set out for success and needed collectivisation to work out in order for industrialisation to do the same. Stalin was aware of the fact that by 1928, Russia was already two million tonnes short of the grain it needed to feed its workers. In the long run, collectivisation was a success. For example, the collective farms grew more food than the small, privately owned ones had done. 30-40 million tonnes
Open Document