Evidently, Industries like coal steel and iron grew enormously. For instance Coal production in 1928 prior to the five year plan was 36million tonnes, and in 1932 it was 65 million tonnes. Furthermore, Magnitogorsk which was constructed during the first five year plan aided the trebling of steel production during the second year plan. However, the production of crude oil only rose marginally, from 29 million tonnes in 1037 to 31 million tonnes in 1940. Additionally the production of steel stagnated.
Stalin was trying to push the people so they can be an advanced country. He wanted to make up the difference between the advanced countries and Russia in 10 years. He said, "Either we do it or we will be crushed." Stalin's Five-Year Plans set high production goals for heavy industry and transportation. Other changes Stalin made were to increase production in agriculture by the collectivization policy.
Transport and electricity output was expanded to help meet the growing demand of industrialisation. Steel output tripled during the plan. The Stakhanovite movement (inspired by a 'true' story about a miner who mined 14 times the average amount of coal), pushed all workers to work harder. However, as military spending increased the spending on living standards fell. Factory managers lied about production levels in order to match the targets set by GOSPLAN (the Soviet Planning Committee.
How successful were Stalin’s industrial policies in developing the Russian economy in the years 1928-41 ? During the first five year plans Stalin focuses on developing the countries economy as a means to turn the Soviet Union into a modern world power and to improve the living standards of all Soviet citizens. Later in the period Stalin focusses on establishing Russia as a world power through strengthening Russia’s military power. In order to achieve this, Stalin believed in collectivisation and industrialization. By collectivizing and industrializing the agriculture and industries.
How Successful Were The Russian Governments In Promoting Economic Change And Modernisation Between 1881 and 1904? When Alexander III came into power, he made sure that industrialization was at the forefront of his plans. So under Vyshnedgradsky and Witte, various measures were imposed to help kick start industrialization, which led to significant economic change The improved transport system, which resulted from government investment in infrastructure like the railways, helped to vastly improve Russia’s economic situation. This is evident through the clear positive correlation between railway improvements and increases in Russia’s industrial output. The length of railway tracks in Russia increased form 31219 miles in 1891 to 58392 miles by 1904.
Document 2 is also a chart showing cotton yarn production in the same years as document 1, but in Japan. It was also gathered by a government power, making it trustworthy as well. As in document 1, it shows a huge increase in machine-spun yarn production, jumping from 5 million to 666 million pounds per year in 30 years. This shows how Japan also had a huge increase in production of cotton materials starting in 1884. Document 6 restates the idea in document 1 of the increase in machine textiles and the decrease of hand-weavers due to unmatchable competition with industry.
Women were given more rights such as encouraging them to work and also to be a housewife. Women's rights, such as allowing them to work in factories, benefited the economy because of the influx of new workers, and the economy was one of Stalin's main focuses. Stalin's aim was to revolutionise Russia by creating a genuinely socialist economy and society. Collectivisation would achieve this in agriculture, and industry would be reformed by a series of five-year plans. Stalin's reasons for launching the First Five-Year Plan were ideological, political and economic.
Stalin was aware of the fact that by 1928, Russia was already two million tonnes short of the grain it needed to feed its workers. In the long run, collectivisation was a success. For example, the collective farms grew more food than the small, privately owned ones had done. 30-40 million tonnes
It is apparent that he achieved this as 50% of peasants owned their own land by 1915 due to the introduction of the Peasant Land Bank on 15th November 1906. Also, agricultural output rose by 20 million tonnes between the years 1906-1913 meaning that Stolypin’s agricultural policies made a significant difference. Therefore, this suggests that Russia had moved in the direction of economic reform as this is all evidence towards an improvement in Russian economy between the years 1906 and 1914. Stolypin directly targeted the economy as a way to improve the Tsarist position as he believed that a more stable peasantry would lead to a more stable Russia. Consequently, it is accurate to say that Russia had moved in a large way towards economic reform in the years 1906-1914.
These new techniques may have allowed for ample production of goods and prices of goods to drop, ultimately increasing consumerism; inevitably though, it had a destructive effect on the old-fashioned methods of production. These “outdated” techniques consisted of small scale, traditional local