How Successful Were Stalin's Economic Policies, 1929-41?

524 Words3 Pages
Stalin economic policies were quite successful since he succeeded in the production of heavy industry, production of raw material boosting labour productivity. But Stalin's plans to revolutionise agriculture and rearm in preparation for war were far less successful. All of the Three Five-Year plans focused on the heavy industry and they were fairly successful During the First Five-Year Plan there was an increase in the production of steel, iron and coal. The coal production increased from 35 million tonnes in 1929 to 64 million tonnes, the oil production increased from 11,7 million to 21,4 million tonnes .the Second Five-Year Plan built on the success of the previous one, trebling the production of steel. Although the production of crude oil and steel fell, Third Five-Year Plan was able to increase the production of coal from 128 million in 1937 to 166 million tonnes by 1940. However all of these figure were disguised by the very poor production of some the materials as the whole process was rushed in attempt of reaching the unrealistic target set by Stalin. Also many mangers exaggerated how they have actually produced in order avoid being sent to the gulags. So Stalin successfully increased the production of raw materials, but was unsuccessful in meeting the targets and producing materials that could be used for manufacturing. The Second Five-Year Plan also aimed to increase labour productivity. Key role models such as Alexei Stakhanov successfully able to mine 227 tonnes of coal in a single shift and was rewarded with a new flat, a telephone and cinema tickets. His example inspired many other workers, who were similarly rewarded for exceeding the targets. Another key role model was Maria Demchenko who was a female agricultural worker, she followed Stakhanov's example, bringing four times the average harvest. Stakhanov's movement was successful in increasing
Open Document