Stalin achieved most of his aims; Grain production rose to nearly 100 million tonnes in 1937, although the numbers of animals never recovered. Russia sold large quantities of grain to other countries; this of course made a huge difference to the economy in Russia. A colossal 17 million people left the countryside to go to work in the towns this was part of industrialisation which helped to improve the economy. The kulaks were eliminated, this was one Stalin’s main aims and finally, the peasants were closely under the government's control, which pleased Stalin greatly. There were many failures in collectivisation, particularly in the initial phases - output fell in the 1930s largely for three reasons; the peasants resented the state taking their land, machinery and livestock, so they did not work as hard and put more effort into their private plots, where they could keep any profit generated - who wouldn't?
Hispanic Americans predominantly worked in the farming industry within California, but were only employed seasonally during harvests. Therefore, average wage was only $1,378, which meant they usually lived low quality rented accommodation. One of the main reasons for Chicanos poverty was farming unions had no legal protection consequently it was hard to fight against the injustice. However, influential individuals such as, César Chávez the leader of the Community Service Organisation, National Farm Workers Association and later the United Farmers Workers was key is bringing about a change of Hispanic Americans status. The turning point came when the newly formed United Farm Workers launched its first big campaign in 1965 taking strike action involving over 10,000 farm workers.
Witte tried to change this with a series of projects, to help the economy and industry of Russia. He tried many different things such as building a huge railway system called the Trans-Siberian Railway across Russia (7000km). This helped Russia modernize by greatly improving infrastructure in the country. He also exploited Russia’s vast quantities of natural resources to sell them/use them in their own economy. These ideas seemed great but they did work much as Russia’s economy only grew by 50%, compared to other countries this was nothing.
This was mostly due to his policies of collectivisation which made economic sense and forced a lot of peasants to leave the land, which was a process needed in order to change an agricultural rural society to an urban and industrial one as well s the fact that his industrialisation plan increased massively the heavy industry in Russia; the production of raw materials such as iron, coal, steel and oil all increased successfully. There were other successes in his economic policy of rearmament, which also improved labour productivity and the transport in the country. However, it would be incorrect to say that all what Stalin did during this period was a success since he also presented various failures, for example not being able to boost the production of consumer goods as well as creating a huge man made famine. It was clear at the time that Russia needed a change, as Stalin said: ‘’ We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this
The New Deal laws and regulations affected banking, the stock market, industry, agriculture, public works, relief for the poor and conservations of resources. After making laws and regulations for the rest FDR didn’t forget the farmers and agriculture. On May 12, Congress passed the AAA or the Agricultural Adjustment Act. The act had 2 goals: to help raise farm prices quickly, and to control production so that farm prices could stay up over the long term. In the AAA’s first year the supply of food outstripped the demand.
The CCC sought to provide employment to millions of unemployed young men living in urban America. The CCC created work camps in rural and wilderness settings where young men planted trees, built reservoirs, developed parks, and improved agricultural irrigation. The CCC was successful in both the short- and long-term in providing jobs to young men. However, in the 1930s, it did nothing to equalize society. Not only did it exclude women from such work, but the vast majority of CCC programs were restricted to whites.
Onyale Donloe Inequality within the New Deal Critics on the left have disputed that the New Deal did not grant Americans equal access to aid. These criticisms about the New Deal are fair because the New Deal did indeed benefit some Americans more than others. Although the New Deal did benefit many people in the United States, some programs excluded different groups of Americans while providing support and aid to others. Due to this exclusion, the New Deal reinforced existing inequalities between men and women, black Americans and white Americans, and farmers and industrial workers. To begin with, Franklin Roosevelt was elected in 1932, amidst the fall of the American banking system.
In addition to this, the state provided tractors and fertilisers to help modernise production and make operations more efficient, just like other western countries such as the U.K, U.S.A, and France etc. However, the tractors provided by the state were built to a very poor quality and could barely drive off the work floor. This is due to factory managers being under so much pressure to build a certain amount of tractors. Often, these managers were shot if their factory did not reach the intended quota. Collectivisation can be described as the Communist’ Party long-term aim for agriculture.
However, Jews were not placed on the unemployment records. Hitler decided to re-arm in 1935 and started compulsory military service, which accounted for the 1,400,000 drop in unemployment. To equip the new army money was spent on weapons and equipment, which meant that thousands of people gained jobs in the armaments industry. Hitler also wanted to make the country self-sufficient in food and materials (as Germany had no money to waste on importing goods) and therefore scientists were encouraged to invent ways of making food and materials that would have been normally imported. As these things were made in Germany, unemployed people found work in the new industries.
This population problem coupled with new agricultural developments such as enclosure acts, which doubled crop production using fewer workers meant that there were many agricultural workers who were jobless. These moved to industrious areas such as Manchester known as Cottonopolis or emigrated to countries such as America to find work where it was advertised a new life could be made. Some moved to industrious areas and then moved on to America. Many of the English migrants pursued the same trades they were accustomed to in England, many agricultural workers remained agricultural workers some establishing their own farms. Englishmen with skills in the cotton industry brought with them the technological skills to establish a cotton industry in America, Samuel Slater who was apprentice to Richard Arkwright and