How Successful Was Martin Luther King’s Campaigns for Civil Rights in the Years 1955-68

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On the 5th December 1955 Martin Luther King officially started his campaign for equal rights in America. He was a charismatic figure head and had great success with marches in Washington & Selma, however also had some failures in Chicago & Albany. King was made president of the newly-formed Montgomery Improvement Association after an incident concerning a woman called Rosa Parks an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person. King organised a bus boycott in Montgomery, black citizens would no longer travel with the buses but instead use other means of transport, the boycott lasted eight months until a case Browder v. Gayle took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional. Another major accomplishment of Martin Luther was the institution of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), an American civil rights organisation in 1957. The organisation aimed at supporting the philosophy of non-violence. It was led by King as the President along with Ralph Abernathy and other activists. As a believer of the Gandhi principles of non-violence, he enforced the non-violent techniques in the protests organised by SCLC. King also fought for the civil rights of blacks, like, right to vote, labor rights, etc. These rights were incorporated with the enactment of the Civil Rights Act, 1964 and the Voting Rights Act, 1965. Another substantial achievement of Martin Luther was in the Birmingham campaign, which aimed at promoting civil rights for African-Americans. The campaign was directed to mark an end to preferential and segregated civil and economic policies. Martin Luther, along with other prominent leaders were instrumental in organising the March on Washington in 1963.The march helped to pass the Civil
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