However, Gladstone did have unsuccessful legislation in Ireland, with the 1870 Irish land act, and the 1873 Irish universities bill. Both of these were fundamentally trying to be liberal, but had very illiberal factors to them such as not allowing students in his new university to study theology, philosophy and modern history. These reforms didn’t receive the same popularity or support as the disestablishment of the Irish church. Overall, you would probably argue that Gladstone was a success in Ireland, as his biggest and most controversial piece of legislation, yet it still managed to be very successful and appealed to the Irish people and the non-conformists whereas it scared off the Anglicans. Gladstone also introduced the removal of unjustified privilege, as he described
Therefore I believe Lord Curzon was indeed a successful viceroy. Of the Sources, source two is intended to convey Lord Curzon’s tenure as Viceroy in the most positive manner .It lists his positive qualities that made him “India’s best ruler under the raj” . However given the nature of the British Empire in countries such as India the main priority is not always the well fair of the country. For instance many believe Britain was draining India of its wealth rather than helping develop the country, Dadabhai Naoroji's created this “drain theory”. Britain had used combination of force as well as divides and conquers to control India Up until this point.
Finally, in a United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Roman Catholics would no longer be seen as the overwhelming and threatening majority but rather as cooperating fellow citizens, thus transforming Protestant views of fear and loathing. Indeed as Lord Castlereagh stated "Strength and confidence will encourage liberality". Indeed, following the passing of the Act of Union, Prime Minister Pitt was expected to come forward with the proposal of Catholic Emancipation (which finally passed in 1829). Yet the union between the two countries was not as evident as it should have been. Ireland was still being treated as a separate country and a 'half-alien dependency'.
could control the other large parties such as the Catholic Centre Party - able to pass the policy of ‘Kulturkampf’ in 1871 • This meant Bis. had an opportunity to put his idea of ‘negative integration’ into practise where the proper Germans would be united against a common enemy – the Catholic Church • This repressive policy actually made his influence over the National Liberals even securer – most German liberals were protestant and viewed the papacy as an opponent to their ideology. • Support of National Liberals meant he could keep the more liberal elements of their party under control from 1871 to 76 • This control was hugely
This mission included not only gaining land but also pushing forward the freedoms of mankind. O. Sullivan and Democrats alike supported this sentiment because their political belief was to annex land as soon as possible. Although this idea was popular among many, this popularity was not unanimous throughout the nation. For example, in a letter to one of the most influential Whigs, Henry Clay, William Channing wrote that America is a restless nation whose only goal is to boast about national growth and expansion. This is significant because it demonstrates how double-sided the issue really was, and showcases the negative aspect of Manifest Destiny, mainly restlessness and greed.
There were many factors that created a base for the reformist groups to flourish at that time in Russia which in turn created a Revolution. Alexander III was determined to upkeep Russia’s image as a major European power, unlike his father; however he was a conservative, believing that his father’s reforms were a mistake and took to reverse them as much as he could. The counter-reforms initially may have looked like a success due to the period of stability during Alexander III’s reign; however with the Revolution a few years later it seems to be that the counter-reforms were not as successful as they may have seemed. The political oppression resultant of these counter-reforms meant Russia politically was behind its major European counterparts, whilst England and France by now had a form of democracy, Russia was still being ruled by total autocracy, and this increased the resentment against the government and added to the growth of reformist groups. Because of the political structure in place in Russia at the time, without a revolution the only way change was possible was from the Tsar being willing to change things, the Tsar was not willing and he clearly demonstrated this through the counter-reforms, leaving an angry population
This new document was radical and controversial at the time. It not only displayed the liberation from England control but also proclaimed the formation of a sovereign and republic land. The proclamation of the Irish Republic was based on liberty and equality principles for all Irish people as well as the other proclamation document of the time. Even though the promised help from Germany to help Ireland’s rebellion failed, the proclamation mentioned the aid received from Europe in this procedure. The document urged an economic, political and social transformation.
Overall I believe that the economy for pre-Conquest England as well- governed to an extent as the King did have large control, he did control this well, but he may have been seen as too powerful where the government is concerned. However it wasn't well developed so therefore in my opinion it wasn't very prosperous. The political aspect of pre-conquest England was fairly good due to the fact that Edwards court
Effectively the act benefited the middle classes, who were now given an electoral voice in parliament, while the working classes were largely ignored, causing widespread anger and resentment for the act, and all those it benefited. The huge number of working classes wanted to be represented, and the act was yet more salt in the wound. If you were to gather up dates for the most widespread Chartist appreciation in Britain and put this on a graph alongside the economies peaks and troughs, the results would no doubt roughly mirror each other. For Chartism excelled during times of economic disturbance, particularly the late 30’s. This ran alongside the blossoming industrialisation of Britain, areas such as Stockport and Cheshire undergoing radical change were often the strongest supports of Chartism.
One aspect that Wolsey did have great impact was justice, with him introducing many new ideas. Although, some of his policies were unsuccessful such as the Enclosures, the policy that was the most unsuccessful and almost a complete failure was the amicable grant. This was a factor in Henry’s lack of trust in Wolsey during the latter part of his position as Lord Chancellor. The first part of his domestic policies, and arguably the most successful one is justice. Unlike his other policies, the justice system was now greatly improved by Wolsey.