How Secure Was Henry Vii Realm?

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‘How secure was Henry VII’s Realm?’ Henry VII’s claim to the English throne was tenuous at best. His father was Edmund Tudor, a Welshman of Welsh royal lineage, but that was not too important as far as his claim to the English throne went. What was important though was his heritage through his mother, Margaret Beaufort, a descendant of Edward III. The real matter was decided on the battlefield, at the Battle of Bosworth Field. It was here that Henry and his forces met with Richard III and Henry won the crown. It was truly through the defeat of Richard and the 'right of conquest' that Henry claimed the throne. It was solidified by his marriage to Elizabeth of York, and therefore united the houses. This was very important as any child would be half Yorkist and half Lancastrian and therefore would hopefully stop any future battle between the two family’. The main problem facing Henry was restoring faith and strength in the monarchy. He also had to deal with other claimants, with some of them having a far stronger claim than his own. To deal with this, Henry strengthened the government and his own power, at the expense of the nobles. Henry also had to deal with a treasury that was nearly bankrupt. The English monarchy had never been one of the wealthiest of Europe and even more so after the War of the Roses. Through his monetary strategy, Henry managed to steadily increase wealth during his realm. Henry believed the nobility a problem as they had too much power. Henry outlawed the power of the nobility to raise armies themselves. This removed some of the nobility‘s power because they lost their military strength. Henry also created a new special court that was designed to put on trial those members of the nobility that broke the law. It was known as The Court of Star Chamber. This court was different as the Judge was the king himself! There would be no jury.
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