Puritans were extreme Protestants who believed that Elizabeth's religious settlement was not enough – they believed that the Anglican church was still too much like the Roman Catholic Church. As a consequence of this belief, the Puritans posed potential threats to the Elizabethan church, however little action was taken by the Puritans towards this and there was little support for their ideas. Therefore the Puritans were no real threat, at least not compared to the threat from the Catholics. The Puritans posed many potential threats to the country under Elizabeth, particularly in church and in Parliament. Initially, the Puritans were focused on trying to achieve their aims through Parliament.
To what extent were the rebellions of Henry VII’s reign caused by religion? There were four main rebellions, Simnel, Warbeck, Yorkshire and Cornwall, which can be grouped into two sets of Simnel and Warbeck the pretenders, and Yorkshire and Cornwall the regional uprisings. Religion, whilst a major influence on the late medieval society, was not a contributing factor to the rebellions of Henry VII’s reign. For there to be reason to rebel, there needs to be an incentive, in the form of some disagreement. However, considering that almost all of England, and Europe for that matter, was Roman Catholic at the time (bar a few smaller Christian religions, which did not affect the country on a national level), it is not the case that religion, or religious disagreements, caused rebellion against the king.
Therefore it was not to a great extent that the English Church needed reformation in the 16th Century. Those historians, who would claim that the English Church needed reformation, would begin with the issue of The Papacy. As the Catholic Pope in Italy was the head of the Church, this gave a foreign authority a great deal of power in England. This did not sit well with Henry VIII or his people. Therefore by reforming the English Church and removing the Pope and making Henry VIII the Supreme Head of the Church in England, there was a revolution in the relationship between Church and State.
She was a Catholic, so naturally Parliament were concerned that England was going to return to Catholicism. Charles was to blame because of power. He let his friends help him with important decisions and Power. People did not approve of some of the choices they made such as raising taxes. Although, Charles was not entirely to blame.
FRQ: Compare and contrast Lutheran and catholic reformations The catholic and Lutheran reformations were revolutionary events in history in which the Christian religion divided into the different sects that exist today, Catholicism and Protestantism. The Lutheran reformation is when Luther studied scriptures and came to the conclusion that the papacy was an invalid power and corrupt. The catholic reformation was the Catholic Church’s attempt to resolve corruption and other serious issues within the Catholic Church. This was also done to reform the catholic church so it is more appealing and hence, less conversions to protestant branches of Christianity such and Lutheranism. These two events were similar and different in two aspects: they were different because while the Lutheran reformation had many doctrinal changes, the catholic reforms made no revisions whatsoever to the beliefs of the catholic church; and they were similar because they both resolved many corrupt practices which was critical for both Protestantism and Catholicism because it added an appeal to the two sects of Christianity allowing either of them to gain popularity.
With the Donatist controversy Constantine eventually appealed to them using force, attempting to persuade them to Catholic Church. He eventually abandoned this method as it appeared to be a persecution of the Christians all over again. Constantine did not just patronize the Christian religion, after the battle at the Milvian Bridge a triumphal arch was erected in remembrance of his victory, which had
Due to the very young age of Edward when he became King, he was helped by a Regency Council led by Somerset who was the King’s uncle and who became Lord Protector. One problem that had to be faced was to decide whether England would remain essentially a Catholic country or become more Protestant. Somerset and some of the council members were in favour of moderate reforms while surprisingly due to his age Edward VI wanted to introduce more radical changes. However, there were politicians such as the Duke of Norfolk and the Bishop Gardiner who wanted no changes implemented at all. The influence of Somerset came to an end in 1550, having been overthrown due to the rebellions in the West and in Norfolk which had led to unemployment discontent amongst the people and high prices for food stuffs.
In many ways, Elizabeth’s settlement took the via media between the conservative and reformist religious camps, yet the majority of the country was still Catholic. Thus, Elizabeth had made a compromised Protestant settlement in a country where a compromised Catholic settlement would have been more apt. Although she was able to placate some Catholics in the short term with conservative concessions, in time many Catholics became more conservative minded and resented the settlement which alienated them. This would have drastic political and social repercussions throughout her reign – for example, the threat of rebellion, the influence in parliament from the House of Lords, and the influence of Seminary priests and Jesuits to come. When looking at the resilience of Roman Catholicism, and the growing discontent amongst Conservatives, it is clear that Catholicism was to be, at the very least, as much of a threat as Puritanism – and given that there were more Catholics than Puritans, this threat was likely to be the most serious religious threat to Elizabeth, her country and her settlement in her entire reign.
This boycott was an indication of the difficulties that the British government would have in getting any agreement acceptable to both the Catholic and Protestant communities. The Sunningdale Agreement was an attempt to bring about power-sharing in the North by bringing together the different political parties at the time. While the moderate Nationalist
To what extent was Henry’s decision to break with Rome influenced by Thomas Cranmer and Thomas Cromwell The break with Rome was one part of the reformation in England carried out by Henry VIII and his ministers. By removing the Pope’s influence from his court, Henry became more at liberty to pass laws and other reforms, as well as gaining his much sought divorce and subsequent marriage to Anne Boleyn. The break with Rome was a gradual process that began in 1529 with the ‘Reformation Parliament.’ Henry and his advisors passed various legislation and legal processes which damaged the Church financially and politically. The charge of the breach of Praemunire was a criminal charge against the clergy which was revoked after a large bribe (1530 – 1531); meanwhile, the Act in Restraint of Annates prevented Rome from its traditional practice of taking a proportion of the clergy’s pay (1532). The Act in Restraint of Appeals (1533) was a step forward for Henry – while the other legislation was primarily aimed at weakening the Church financially, this act reduced Rome’s political power by preventing people appealing to Rome against a decision made by the powers in England.