As part of the United Kingdom she would have the direct support and backing of Great Britain in the eventuality of a rebellion or invasion. In addition, a united system of government would discourage division and inefficiency amongst the two fronts, reinforcing instead a sense of camaraderie and loyalty for a united cause. A single government residing in Westminster would secure success in the middle of a great war. Furthermore, becoming part of the wider British economy, Ireland would benefit significantly as it would encourage prosperity, just as had been the case with the Scottish Union of 1707. Finally, in a United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Roman Catholics would no longer be seen as the overwhelming and threatening majority but rather as cooperating fellow citizens, thus transforming Protestant views of fear and loathing.
How successful was Gladstone’s first ministry? If ‘achieving what you set out to do’ defines successful, then Gladstone’s First Ministry was certainly a success. The Acts that were passed during his time as leader of the Liberal party had great impact on the population both then, and in some cases, still now. However not all his Acts were well received and this created some controversy. Gladstone’s main goal was to pacify Ireland and he was the first British politician to tackle the unfair way in which Ireland was run.
There are many ways that Gladstone’s First Ministry could be considered to be successful. Firstly, Gladstone had a passion to pacify Ireland, this was because he feared other countries would use Ireland as an invasion base to attack Britain. Also Irish nationalists called Fenians tried to seize power of churches, which lead to the ‘Disestablishment of the Anglican Church in Ireland 1869’ The terms of the act allowed the church to govern itself as it was no longer legally established by parliament. It was seen as so liberal it was radical and extended the principal of religious liberalism to Ireland. Another successful act passed involving Ireland was the ‘Irish Land Act 1870’ Tenants were now given compensation for eviction and there were limitations of landlord power, it was a step to improving Ireland, even though it was not as successful as the previous act, and had more opposition as Irish nationalists wanted British landlords to leave Ireland completely.
As outlined in source 5, there was belief that the war "increased the sense of shared experience", changing the views of the public before electioneering even started, leading to the belief in a foregone conclusion. However, some of the aspects of the electioneering campaign explored in both sources 4 and 6 express the idea that the election itself was the main reason for the outcome of the 1945 election, due to "Churchill's Gestapo outburst", the "quality" of the Labour candidates and a number of other mentioned reasons, leading to the conclusion that the election of 1945 was not a foregone conclusion. The wartime effort of a coalition government showed the success of Great Britain working in unison. Winston Churchill was able to lead this parliament effectively and successfully, only increasing the public's opinion of Churchill as a wartime leader. However, even throughout the war itself, Britain was shown to have an increasing shift towards the idea of socialism, in which the government helped to unite and support the nation through close, continued support of companies and individuals alike.
Firstly, Italy was only partially politically united, namely due to a number of liberal policies. The voting reforms of 1912 allowed universal male suffrage, which thus widened the electorate and allowed more Italians to vote for a majority government, therefore increasing political stability and unity, as opposed to unstable coalitions. The election deals of 1912 somewhat united the liberals and Catholics, as it widened liberal support due to their adoption of Catholic policies (which appealed to the Catholic voter, a large majority of Italians), which somewhat increased stability due to a widened electorate. Finally, the liberals invited moderate socialists to form policies with the Catholics as part of trasformismo, which partially increased political unity for a short time due to the pretence of a unified coalition and the attempt at unifying two polarised political parties. Overall, all these policies somewhat increased political unity, albeit temporarily, as they widened the electorate and allowed the Italian masses the chance to vote in a majority government.
How far did Cromwell succeed in enhancing Royal Power by 1539? (30marks) Thomas Cromwell started from quite humble origins, and managed to work his way into some of the most prestigious positions in England at that time. Cromwell stayed with Cardinal Wolsey when he fell from power, which proved his loyalty, which impressed Henry VIII. As well as his position in Parliament where he tried to reduce the power and influence of the church. It is now widely accepted that if his plans to enhance royal power and revolutionise the government were not far-sighted, his political and administrative skills were essential to their success.
The Reichstag Fire allowed the Nazis to legally consolidate their power this was by issuing the emergency decree ‘For the protection of the people and state’ on 28th February. The result of this was freedom of speech; press and assembly in the Weimar constitution were suspended. Also the decree enabled the cabinet to intervene in local governments of the states. This showed a clear shift in power which allowed the Nazis to therefore consolidate their power as they were also able to simultaneously hide the collapse in the rule of law by keeping a legal front. Due the decree being extremely popular the Nazis therefore gained more results this was evident as they gained 228 seats in a high electoral success in the general elections
It is used to manipulate information to influence public opinion, through emotional appeals and demise of the enemy, to create hatred between countries. It promoted patriotism and nationalism within a country. Britain did not have a policy of national service; this was standard in countries such as France and Germany. The whole point of propaganda was to get more and more people to sign up for the war, this was important because of all the casualties and the hardship suffered on the home front. The government did this by displaying posters stating ‘your country
From the 1500s to the 1900s, many countries were switching to an imperialistic way of thinking and operating. The switch to imperialism was a process that took place in numerous countries for a wide variety of reasons that were all supposed to better and strengthen the country, economically, agriculturally, and militarily. While imperialism did cause much good for many countries it also was the reason for much of the problems, such as war and other forms of conflict within a single nation and between multiple nations. Imperialism is a very influential reason for much of how the world today is set up and divided among nations. What exactly is imperialism?
To What Extent Does the 'Falklands Factor' Account for Thatcher's Election Victory in 1983? Introduction There were many factors in Thatcher’s election victory over Labour’s Michael Foot, one of which was the British military victory in the Falklands Islands in 1982. This boosted the country’s morale and showed what Thatcher could do for Britain. Other factors were her Economic and Social factors, the Labour weaknesses and the Social Democrat Party. The Falkands Factor ●Thatcher's popularity rose to 52% ● Similar to Churchill when WW2 win boosted morale ● Showed off Thatcher's leadership skills ● Restored public's faith in her Freddie Holley In conclusion the main factor in Thatcher’s 1983 victory was the ‘Falklands factor’ as it boosted her popularity which would have eventually got her more votes in the election.