At night, the temperature of the air depends on the amount of clouds. The heat during the day cannot escape, so at night, it will ___________. Although it is sunny, places which are shaded receive ____________ sunlight. It is __________ under the shade of the tree because the place receives _____________ sunlight and the wind is freely ___________. The movements of wind also affect air temperature.
The contrasts between land and sea also affect the temperature of a place as it determines the ability of the surface to absorb heat energy. The land sea warming contrast refers to the difference in the ability to absorb, transfer and radiate heat energy between land and sea. The faster the rate of heating and cooling, the greater the effect on the temperatures of places. The sea is more transparent than the land and is capable of absorbing heat down to a depth of 10 meters and thus transferring this heat to greater depths through the movements of waves and currents. The sea also has a greater specific heat capacity than that of land (maritime effect), as Location A experience less extreme temperature in winter and cooler temperature in summer, as they are influenced by moderating effect of sea, causing smaller annual temperature range.
cT: Continental –inland (low precip.) T: tropical - between the tropics (warm) P: Polar – originating at higher latitude than the circles (cool) Examples: mP: Maritime Polar cT: Continental Tropical Elevation Temperature decreases with elevation. It is increasingly cooler at higher elevations in the troposphere (first layer of the atmosphere) Relief Relief means the “lay of the land.” In Canada, south facing slopes are warmed more than North facing slopes because of more direct sunlight. Also, mountain ranges can block air masses and moisture from reaching certain areas, causes those locations to have dry
Hot desert temperatures range from 20-25° C. The extreme maximum ranges from 43.5-49° C. Minimum temperatures sometimes drop to -18° C. There are only two seasons: summer and winter. The seasons are generally warm throughout the year and very hot in the summer. There are little rainfall in winter. Hot deserts have very low humidity, and it can be extremely dangerous places for humans. Because of the extreme weather, it is hard to live in the desert.
UVA levels of radiation are more constant than UVB, and UVA is not filtered by glass. UV Index Some sunlight can be enjoyed; but too much exposure to the sun’s UV radiation could be dangerous. It can cause effects, such as sunburn, cataracts, and skin cancer, and other long-term health problems. Developed by the National Weather Service and the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the UV Index provides information so people can plan their daily outdoor activities to prevent too much exposure to UV rays. It predicts UV levels on a scale of one to 11+; one is a low risk of exposure and 11+ signifies a very high risk.
The sun radiates solar energy towards earth. Some of this energy gets absorbed by the earth’s surface and some energy is radiated back into space as long wave energy. Certain gases in the atmosphere prevent this reflected energy to pass; they trap the energy and thereby warm the atmosphere and the surface of the earth just like in a greenhouse. Therefore, those gases are known as greenhouse gases (GHG). The main GHGs within the atmosphere are Carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapor (H2O).
With no greenhouse effect, the average of the global temperature of the Earth would change from 15 to -18 Celsius. In addition, the concentration of the carbon dioxide has increased and that is because of human influences. The releasing of this gas is caused by many activities that humans do, such as burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. As many scientists claim, this phenomenon will lead to enhancing the greenhouse effect and this will lead to making the planet warmer (Masih,
Between the two cities, it shows they have difference in climate. Philadelphia has winters that have been below zero degrees Fahrenheit with snow always being a variable. Whereas Tampa's winters are drier and don't get as cold, nor receives snow like Philadelphia. Since Tampa is off the water, it usually gets hotter there then most areas. Philadelphia is not off the water so there is no need to worry about it getting as hot as Tampa.