How Is Conflict Presented Vividly in ‘a Different History’?

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In A Different history, by Sujata Bhatt, conflict is shown in many different ways, such as the conflict between cultures, the conflict of respects for knowledge, and the conflicts between tradition and the modern ways. The conflict between tradition and modern civilisation is shown constantly throughout the poem, when the author constantly mentions misconducts in the treatment of the old ways. She calls upon ‘Great Pan’, an ancient God of nature and music, claiming that this old god is ‘not dead’. The age of this God symbolises the initial references to tradition, as Pan was once traditionally worshipped and stories depicted him living in the woods. This link to the past helps establish an aura of respect for Pan, and therefore the tradition that came with worshipping him. Saying that he is ‘not dead’ shows that at one point, people thought he was, and in this sense, Pan symbolises the long-lost tradition that was thought to have perished. I feel that this also hints towards the idea of the traditions of certain cultures having ‘emigrated’ from one place to another, which would help explain why ‘Great’ Pan, the embodiment of tradition in this poem, himself has ‘emigrated’ to India, where is it a ‘sin’ to be rude to ‘a book’. Personally, I relate the books to knowledge, and the poem is referencing other cultures that do not respect knowledge as much as this Indian culture. This expresses the conflict as lying between the people who respect knowledge, and those who find it acceptable to ‘be rude’ to books vividly. Bhatt herself feels that ‘every tree’ is itself ‘sacred’, and as such, the books, made from those trees, are also sacred, and therefore, in turn, so is knowledge. By expressing knowledge’s importance in this way, the idea of conflict is put across quite obviously, compounded with the repetition of the abstract noun, ‘sin’. By repeating this phrase, Bhatt
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