How Important Was Theodore Roosevelt in the Development of Progressivism in 1900-1920

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I think that Theodore Roosevelt played an important role in the development of Progressivism between 1900 and 1920. Progressivism is a political attitude which favours various reforms through government action. Progressivism was the general response to the vast changes brought by industrialization; it was an alternative to both the traditional conservative response and to the more radical streams of socialism and anarchism. The term progressivism is usually associated with left-winged parties in the United States. The progressive party was the most successful third party in modern American history during this time period. One historian defined progressivism as the "political movement that addresses ideas, impulses, and issues stemming from modernization of American society.” There are many reasons as to why Theodore Roosevelt was seen as an important role in the development of Progressivism, one of these factors was his attitudes and beliefs. Theodore Roosevelt believed that although strong corporations were good for America, he felt that the behavior of such corporation’s should be watched to ensure that greed did not get out of hand. Roosevelt wanted to create the ‘Square Deal’ which was a domestic program formed upon three basic ideas: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection. It was aimed to help the middle class and it involved attacking plutocracy and bad trusts, while at the same time protecting business from the extreme demands of organized labor. In order to achieve this aim, Roosevelt introduced various domestic policies. One of the main domestic policies introduced by Theodore Roosevelt was the 1903 Elkins Act which made secret rebates on railroads illegal with both the recipient and grantor of the rebate being prosecuted; agents on railroad companies were liable for any change in public rates. Moreover,
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