How Important Was the Position of the Kaiser Wilhelm Ii in Shaping German Politics in the Years 1890-1914 Essay

681 WordsFeb 9, 20153 Pages
How important was the position of Kaiser Wilhelm II in shaping German politics in the years 1890-1914? Willhelm II who became the Kaiser of Germany in 1888 is arguably one of the most important figures from 1890 to 1914. The Kaiser controlled the millitary, he was also in controll of the foreign policy, he could appoint and dismiss the chancellor and his secretaries without Reichstag's say, due to this he was unquestionable. After the recent unification of Germany nationalistic feeling were very high and the Kaiser was looked up to and his decisions were followed without question and none of the major decisions were carried out without Kaisers knowledge or agreement. The political system in Germany at the time also favoured the Kaiser, as nothing could be passed without kaisers agreement, the upper house referred to as Bundesrat was a conservative body and the bills were first discuessed in the Reichstag before they were passed on to the Bundersrat. Reichstag could pass or reject governemnt legislation discuss or amend it however it could not make new laws. Essentially when the legislature was finally passed by the chancellor who had to approve of it, it would go to the Kaiser who would either accept it or decline it alltogether which again added on to his importance. However the Kaiser lacked power in certain areas, for example the Kaiser had to rely on the conservatives backing if he wanted a certain legislation to be passed, but in 1887 the conservative only won 48% of the vote and by 1912 it went down to just 26% which meant that the was no longer able gain help from the conservatives which also meant that he had less impact on politics. With the Social Democrat Party coming in The Kaiser was loosing Atocratic power and Germany was slowly becoming a more Democratic country, the SPD won 35% of the votes by 1912 meaning that they had more authority over the

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