How Have Archaeological Techniques Contributed to an Understanding of Ancient Human Remains? Essay

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Archaeological techniques have had a largely significant contribution to the understanding of ancient human remains. The purpose of archaeology is to discover more about past societies and the development of the human race over time. Archaeological techniques such as excavation, dating methods, locating the sites, different types of experts, new technologies and ancient sources, have made the study of ancient human remains much easer to understand. These techniques have been used to find many ancient human remains, including Tollund Man, Ice Maiden, Lindow Man, Old Croghan Man, Windeby Girl, Grauballe Man, Clonycavan Man, Otzi the Iceman and the Qilakitsoq mummies. The excavation and digging of a site is a necessary part of the discovery and understanding of ancient human remains. It involves the systematic uncovering of archaeological remains through the removal of soil and any other materials covering them. The methods of excavation are extremely precise and time consuming. Excavation is one of the most expensive phases of archaeological research and is a destructive process. Once a site has been excavated, it can never be viewed in its original condition again; therefore causing ethical concerns and resulting in very few sites being completely excavated. One of the main objectives of an archaeologist is to date a site and discover the age of their findings. There are many techniques that can be used to date an object, and often more than one technique can be used for the same object. There are two types of dating: relative dating and absolute dating. Relative dating is a non-scientific approach which establishes whether an object is older or younger than other objects; while absolute dating relies on scientific techniques to establish the date, therefore being more accurate. Some methods of dating include stratigraphy, typology, fluorine dating,

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