In what ways did developments in transportation bring about economic and social change in the United States in the period 1820 to 1860? Between the 1820s and the 1860s, advances were being made in leaps and bounds, especially in transportation. From the invention of the cotton gin to interchangeable parts, mechanical advancements began to take effect. However, Americans were still walking on unprepared ground and taking longer to reach from point A to point B. Because of this boom in technology, in order to get material from one place to another, transportation innovations needed to take place.
This demise is a running theme throughout many of Steinbeck’s works, in which he often blames it on the rise of industry and the spread of capitalism. This view can be justified by many events throughout history, from the Great Depression through recent years. In 2013, the city of Detroit, Michigan officially filed for bankruptcy. Detroit was home to the quintessential American industry, automobile manufacturing. In the 20th century, the automobile was a welcome change to American life, as it granted workers and families a new mobility and thus a new sense of freedom and urgency, and we became a nation excessively dependent on our cars.
Ford created the automobile industry, which employed thousands of workers and inspired new industries as well (Heritage, 2010).The new industries included but were not limited to: gas stations, mechanics, fast food restaurants drive-ins (pig stands) and motels (A&E, 2006). Cars basically changed the way people lived, how they spend their leisure time and where they worked at (Roak et al., 2011). With cars people could travel further to work, vacation or to other cities. Ford not only inspired new automobiles and jobs but he also attracted competition. Walter Percy Chrysler was one of the last independent car manufacturers to enter the automobile industry; he established the Chrysler Corporation in 1924 (Peterson, 2013).By the end of the 1920s decade there were three major leading automobile industries: Ford, General Motors, and
B. the compressor and the internal combustion engine. C. the electric trolley and the skyscraper. D. the oil furnace and the air conditioner. Cities grew up and out with such famed architects like Louis Sullivan who worked on skyscrapers which first appeared in Chicago in 1885. The city grew from a small compact, one where people could just walk around to get to their destination to a huge metropolis that required commuting in electric trolleys.
On the other hand, the assembly line did indeed deskill many workers, and further reorganized how the people made a living. For example, rural farmers and families were drawn into these densely populated urban areas to work for low wages, and they even began to employ women and children. We see big changes as people urbanized; cities seemed to begin to just spring up overnight. New technologies such as the telegraph and telephone were also both invented in this era, which gave people an opportunity to communicate and share information quicker than ever before. By 1880, approximately 50,000 telephones were being put to use in the United States.
The automobile has had an important influence on the United States since the early 20th century. Perhaps no other invention has had such a important impact on production. Methods, the American landscape, the environment and American values. The automobile’s effect on America’s economy was huge The automobile did have social impacts on people. Before the automobile was invented factory workers were forced to live close to the factory or a railroad that led to the factory so that they could get to work on time.
Governmental agencies became involved in the steamboats with Fulton and Livingston when their Monopoly took over waterways, restricting the travel up and down the Hudson Years after the Civil War saw major technological industrialization and advances like the railroad. The technological advances made it possible to start America's westward expansion and economic development by connecting the frontier with the industrial, financial, and political centers of the East . Americans began to rely upon technological advancements like the railroad, electrical power, and telephone systems for economic and/or social growth and development. Shortly following the same groups of inventors took on land travel. By putting strong constantly modified steam engines in the first
Many historians consider the railroads to be America’s first big business. Beginning the introduction of railways, local railroads served as a means of transporting precious metals from mines to local towns. As routes were carved out, mining areas transformed into industrial centers and local sites into busy ports. In the United States during the 1830s and 1840s, the railroads linked cities to remote areas, and, by the 1850s, pushed westward and had a part in settling in the west. From cities in the east, American railways grew at a bewildering pace.
Because so many immigrants traveled on the canal, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Many became rich from trading in the Erie Canal for example Henry James grandfather had made his money through trade on the Erie Canal (Lewis, 252). Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the government, which, in this case, was the State of New York. As the canal brought travelers to New York City, it took business away from other ports such as Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Baltimore, Maryland. Those cities and their states chartered projects to compete with the Erie
Apart from the social injustices, the progression and good far outweighed the bad. It was two steps forward and one step back while the economic effects were one huge leap forward and a just as big step back. There were more than a handful of inventions and discoveries that revolutionized American society, led to urban sprawl, made tasks exponentially easier, and were the centerpiece for recreation. Cars were mass produced and people decided to live outside the cities and take vacations more frequently. They produced many new jobs with the need for new roads since the American landscape was drastically expanding.