It deprived Germany of wealth-earning areas, such as the coalfields in Silesia. As well as this the treaty also imposed harsh reparations on Germany (£6,600 billion). Germany asked for reductions however the victors, especially France were not forgiving and needed money to pay debts to the US. With no gold reserves and a failing income Germany could no longer afford to pay and declared itself bankrupt. Why was the Ruhr occupied and what were the consequences?
The Treaty of Versailles left the Germans feeling guilty, humiliated, and resentful. The German people have a strong sense of national pride and now they were humiliated, they were in ruins. The treaty destroyed their military and made them pay war reparation therefore causing inflation and loss of jobs. Many Germans were bitterly disappointed by the treaty and this disappointment sparked the lasting bitterness that would
In this essay I will discuss if hyperinflation was completely caused by the Treaty of Versailles (1918-19). The Treaty of Versailles was responsible for thee suspension of the Ruhr, this was a place of great industrial power and brought in a lot of money to Germany. However when it was taken away from the Germans, there was halt in the industrial production which caused the collapse of the German economy. This meant that there were very few goods therefore the government printed the money. This lead to prices rocketing and the savings unfortunately became worthless.
From the start there was economic instability because of the cost of World War One and there was widespread disillusion within the German people. The public did not support the Weimar, and the administrative branch of the government, including the Judiciary, also teachers did not back it up either. Mass unemployment, damages to the infrastructure also from World War One, and the demand for reparation payments put lots of pressure on the inexperienced democracy. Not only in Germany, but all over Europe, fundamental and anti-democratic movements gained support. 2.
* Germany had hyper-inflation 1923 * Germany suffered immensely from the Great Depression as they had loaned large sums of money from USA and after the Wall Street Crash USA wanted their loans back. Political: * The German Weimar Republic political system was weak. It had numerous parties and struggled for one party to obtain a majority. * The political system did not have the public support because of the countries suffering from result of: * War * Unemployment * Weak economy with high inflation * Fear of communism Social: * The public had no faith in the political leaders after the failure of WW1. * The Treaty of Versailles caused Germany to suffer large territorial losses (1million square miles, 6million subjects) * Territorial losses meant that Germany lost precious sources of raw materials and a major income source (economic) * As a result of the Great Depression, companies throughout Germany were declaring bankruptcy and millions of workers were
This therefore caused the Russo-Japanese War to be partly responsible for the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution. Huge military defeats were caused by the Russo-Japanese War, which highlighted the weakness of the military and caused national humiliation, which contributed to the 1905 Revolution. The Russian Baltic fleet consisting of the 35 warships had sailed from northern Europe to the Far East, only to lose 25 warships in a defeat by the Japanese navy. The crushing of Russian’s military added impetus to the 1905 Revolution, as it made the people of Russia aware of the weakness of their military and ashamed to be Russian. They were losing to a nation very few had heard of and it was humiliating.
After Germany surrendered in the Great War, the pain and suffering that occurred on the battlefields followed the German soldiers home as they were greeted to a new and unfamiliar Germany, a city composed of neglect and desolation. The navy mutinied which resulted in Germany being further abandoned after The Kaiser left the nation, leaving citizens without a stable government and in a state of political chaos. In February of 1919 the Weimar Republic was formed, a democratic party consisting of no authentic political experience or authority. Both communists and nationalist parties despised the Weimar constitution and regulations with Germany’s foundations becoming volatile once more due to the parties lack of responsibility, experience and judgment. With a dictatorial vision, Adolf Hitler took advantage of the Nations weakness and saw it as an opportunity to form a new constitution of manipulated and devoted National Socialist supporters.
The treaty of versailles was one of the peace treaties signed at the end of ww1 after months of argument and negotiation amongst the "big three" to what the treaty should contain. Germany dispised the treaty as they believed it was harsh and treated them unfairly. One of the reasons for which the treaty of Versailles was so harsh on the Germans was that everybody wanted to punish Germany for its crimes. One of its main crimes was having starting the war, which was considered the worst crime against humanity. Another was the Zeppelin air raids.
Hitler used propaganda, elimination of the opposition, and a cult of personality to gain the support and trust of the German people in a time of economic crisis to his benefit and the rest of the world's loss. Single party states arise from a crisis, and Germany was suffering from a very large one at that time. The end of World War I in 1918 had left the economic state in shambles, and the loss struck the German people hard. Furthermore, the Treaty of Versailles the following year resulted in the demilitarisation and many cuts from German land and territory. Hitler criticized the carving up of Europe by the "Big Four" (the US, UK, France and Italy), stating that the Germans were the "master race".
This angered the German public as they thought that the government’s plan would just make living harder if they did increase the taxes. Taking advantage of this, Hitler told the public that the reparations and the Treaty of Versailles was to blame for Germany’s hardship. When America recalled all the loans that they gave Germany, Germany was left in immense debts. This proved Hitler’s point that the reparations and the Treaty of Versailles were wrong. After that the people of Germany began to vote for Hitler because the Weimar government had proved itself useless and Hitler was the only one offering a way out.