How Far Were Divisions Among Russia Essay

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How far were divisions among Russia’s opponents responsible for the survival of the Tsarist in the years of 1881-1905? In 1883 Emancipation of the Labour movement was established by Plekhanov. At this moment in time there wasn’t a very large group of the Bourgeoisie. Meaning it was an incredibly small group with less than 400 members. They faced problems such as Industrialisation, meaning that it was increasingly difficult to find members as there weren’t enough workers. Then in 1898 there was the establishment of Russian Social Democratic and Labour Party. This was much more successful as Industrialisation had now begun. Meaning there were more workers who could join. However after this Lenin, Martov and Plekhanov fall out causing the SD’s to split into the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks in 1903. Lenin and Martov were good friends and shared very similar views until the split of the SD’s. There was a split in the group as they discovered at the Congress meeting in London in 1903, with massive arguments there was a clear split between the SD’s. Divisions of opposing groups of the Tsar were also important to the survival of Tsarist Russia. However, other factors such as the church, the Okhrana and the army played part in keeping the Tsars in power for so long. There were also other Parties involved which included the Liberals, The Intelligenstia, Populists, Social Revolutionists and The Peoples Will. Were all early movements which never played a huge role in the 1905 revolution and didn’t appeal to the masses and only to smaller minority groups. SD’S split was devastating for the revolutionists and set them back a good few years. As once they split they had to create a new campaign and policies. However it did help in other ways, such as it gave Lenin the power to lead his own campaign. This involved not helping the workers so they would up rise against the Tsar.
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