How Far Were Divisions Among Its Opponents Responsible for the Survival of the Tsarist Rule in the Years 1881-1905?

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How far were divisions among its opponents responsible for the survival of the Tsarist rule in the years 1881-1905? The Labour movement essentially began in 1883 when it was emancipated by the established order; small political groups were tolerated. The Labour Party ,or ‘Social Democrats’ often used violent tactics, including the assassination of Tsar Alexander II, to revolt. The Social Democrat Party also opposed the autocratic system and wanted change but did not use as much violence as opposed to propaganda and campaigns. However, opposition to the Tsar became even more divided when Lenin and Martov split the Social Democrats party as Martov accused Lenin of becoming a dictator. This division lead to the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks groups who both held marxist views to different degrees. All these groups threatened the stability of the Tsarist State but other factors such as the church, the belief of the divine right, the army and the Okhrana contributed to keeping the Tsar State in power. The isolation of each political group made them vulnerable; not only were they distracted by each other (especially rivalry between Bolsheviks and Mensheviks) but they were also easy to be ‘picked off’ separately by the Tsar. None of the groups were willing to change; had they been more lenient and considered changing their tactics they may have succeeded. The Bolsheviks in particular, failed to co-operate and lacked organisation, almost in a rush to revolt. As well as the initial isolation of the groups, establishments such as the Church contributed to the stabilisation of the Tsarist State. The Tsar was the head of the state so accordingly, the Church supported the Tsar. All peasants attended Church where they were taught that the Tsar was appointed by God, instilling them with the fear that they would be damned if they tried to revolt against him. The Tsar made sure
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