How Far Were Divisions Among Its Opponents Responsible for the Survival of Tsarist Rule in Years 1881-1905? Essay

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Tsar Nicholas II has faced a revolution in 1905 due to social discontent, however Tsarist rule has managed to survive because of several factors such as disunity of opponents, loyalty of troops and Tsar's concessions. Disunity of opponents against Tsar has played a significant role in the survival of Tsarist rule during 1905 revolution because it was easy for the government to divide the opposing groups and crush them one by one. The lack of coordination between the opposing groups meant that the strike involving 2.7 million strikers was not as effective as it could be when working together and being able to prevent transportation of troops. Therefore the strikes without leaders of Social Revolutionaries or Social Democrats, created chaos which added worry for the government but wasn't regarded as a major threat to the government as the groups did not fight effectively. This meant that the lack of leadership of the groups reduced effectiveness of the opponents as a whole enabling the government to be able to crush them one by one and so therefore survive. Additionally, disunity of opponents was a significant factor in survival of Tsardom in 1905 because the opposing groups had conflicting aim of parties such as SR, SD and liberals in terms of whether to overthrow, share power or keep the constitutional monarch. This meant therefore that those groups were fighting themselves as much as opposing the government with the consequence of reducing their chances for success as it was easy for the army to crush them as seen in suppression of Moscow Rising. Summarising, the disunity of opponents against Tsar has been a major factor contributing towards survival of Tsarist rule as lack of coordination and lack of clear direction meant that opponents were not strong enough becoming an easy target for the troops. However, it cannot be forgotten that the availability of
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