How Far Was the Sino-Soviet Split of the Late 1960s the Result of Ideological Differences Between the Two Communist Powers?

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How far was the Sino-Soviet split of the late 1960s the result of ideological differences between the two communist powers? There were always problems between the two communist powers of China and the USSR and in the late 1960s they split. These differences fell into ideological differences, differences in their national interests and in the leader’s personalities. Ideological differences and differences in personalities contributed to the split, however, differing national interests were the main reason as to why the split eventually occurred. One problem with ideology was that the two powers openly criticised each other’s policies. Khrushchev was very critical about the Great Leap Forward, which led to the withdrawal of Soviet economic aid. Part of the reason was that Khrushchev did not agree with the ideological methodology of things such as the ‘back-yard’ furnaces. It was different to how the Soviets did it. Mao criticised Khrushchev for his policies such as de-Stalinisation and his secret speech. He was also very critical of the policy of Peaceful Coexistence as he believed it was a way of being friendly with the United States (the enemy) and also Mao saw it abandoning millions of comrades struggling to free themselves of capitalist and imperialist oppression. This, therefore, made the USSR an ‘enemy’. How could two countries work together if they had such differing beliefs about how to run their countries? This problem had a big contribution to the split as they couldn’t agree on anything, and if they did, it was because their national interests were at risk. These policies show how the two countries also had different beliefs in which direction the country should go. Mao was more for self-sufficiency, which can be seen in his policies like the Hundred Flowers Campaign, the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. Whereas in the USSR a social
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