How far was the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 responsible for the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution?
From 1904 to 1905 were the years the Russo-Japanese lasted for, in an attempt to expand Russia, they attacked Japan. The Tsar, Nicholas II thought that Japan would not be prepared for this attack as they were seen as miniscule, and even to some unknown in comparison to Russia. However, they were severely defeated and this had an effect on many aspects of Russia, from the loss of confidence in the Tsar to economic and political problems. Consequently, this is the major reason for the 1905 revolution as it was the spark needed to move people.
When this defeat occurred it showed just how weak the military was, and this was key to why the revolution happened. In January 2005, after travelling for months, to then be defeated in a few days adding to the fact they had to surrender the gain of the Port Arthur, in addition to a corner of Russia which was also invaded by Japan at this time. During this time the people of Russia, including the Revolutionists saw just how weak the military was and that going against the Tsar may not be as difficult as they first believed it to be.
Russia was also behind the other Great Powers. Although they were increasing in their economic growth, the other Powers in comparison were growing at a much faster rate. The Russo-Japanese War took away money which could have been put towards something to help boom the economy. If they wanted to keep in competition with the other Great Powers then spending all this money on a war wasn’t a good idea. This meant that the working and living conditions of the people couldn’t be helped as there was no money to send to the places that needed it. Again, with this humiliation and a knock on the economy of Russia, the people of Russia were losing assurance on the Tsar himself and believed that a change was needed.
Because of the economic problems in rural areas both the rich landowners, and peasants...