How Far Was the Pilgrimage of Grace Caused by Religious Factors? (24)

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How far was the Pilgrimage of Grace caused by religious factors? (24) The Pilgrimage of Grace was an uprising in York in October 1536 headed by Robert Aske, a lawyer, protesting the Crown’s break with Rome and the dissolution of the monasteries. There are many factors that contribute to the pilgrimage of grace such as religion, social and economy, and politics. In the Lincoln and Pontefract articles of 1536 many articles clearly held religious meaning, suggesting that the Pilgrimage was caused by religious factors. For example in the Lincoln Articles it states that the rebels wanted “an end to suppression of religious houses” and “bishops in England do not have… the faith of Christ”. Furthermore in the Pontefract Articles, it is said that the rebels wanted “the Pope as the Supreme Head of the Church of England”, “to end the heresies within this realm.” This shows that the Pilgrimage was a reaction from the peasants after the Break with Rome. Moreover the rebels marched behind the Five Wounds of Christ, showing that the peasants were heavily influenced by religion. Also, in the 16th century religion held communities together as people prayed and paid for the rituals of the Church, so the dissolution would have affected this. Historian Geoffrey Elton says that the uprising was religious and associated with Catherine of Aragon. The Pilgrimage, which was planned in advance, wanted to overturn the faction that made Catherine of Aragon’s marriage illegitimate. This can be supported as Lord Darcy and Hussey were involved in the revolt and they were both fans of Catherine. As there was support from the higher members of society and classes were brought together by religion it is fair to say that the Pilgrimage of Grace was caused by religious factors. Although religious factors contribute to the Pilgrimage of Grace there were many other factors that also
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