How far was the First World War the main cause of the fall of the Romanovs in 1917? In March 1917, the Tsar Nicholas II made his decision to abdicate the throne thus, causing the fall of the monarchy in Russia. The First World War was most certainly a factor that caused the fall of the Romanovs however; there are many other factors that must be considered. At the beginning of the war, there was a strong sense of patriotisms in Russia due to excellent war performance. The decline in Russia’s war performance caused morale in the army as well as in the country to also decrease.
The fall of the Romanovs in 1917 was caused by many factors for instance, the soldiers, workers, LiberaAYASHA IMRAN ls and the Duma, socialist groups, government ministers and army generals and the Tsar himself. The Tsar himself did carry out an important role in the fall of Romanov in 1917, due to his attitude to his people and how evil and stubborn he was. Furthermore tsars tactics used were a wrong choice; however there are other factors that caused the fall of the Romanov in 1917, which I am going to explain. Nicholas II himself and other factors performed a vital role in the fall of the Romanovs in 1917, but the armed forces and Tsar himself were more significant. The Tsar himself was responsible for the fall of the Romanovs in 1917, mostly due to how he was not suited to the role as the Tsar.
In 1917 after 300 years of ruling Russia, the Romanov dynasty was toppled by the appetite for change. I believe that the First World War was responsible for the downfall of the Romanovs. The main difference between the 1905 ‘revolution’ and the 1917 revolutions was that the army sided with the revolutionaries in 1917. This being the key reason as to why Autocracy fell. When Russia entered World War 1 in 1914 to when they left in 1917, they suffered numerous military defeats.
This continued cycle of unjust behaviour towards the serfs led to the beginning of distrust and a lack of faith in the monarchy from the public. The people of Russia continued to lose their faith in the monarchy when Tsar Nicholas came to the throne – one of the turning points for the reputation of the Tsar was the Russo-Japanese war in 1904/1905. This war was particularly significant because of the humiliation Russia suffered in this time: They had expected to win the war easily, as Russia was considered a huge and powerful country compared to Japan. However, when they were defeated easily by the Japanese, it was seen as an embarrassment, as well as an example of how the Russian army was not as powerful as it seemed. This, although not
The war caused a great deal of problems for the government, originally they had announced that their involvement would be entirely defensive but were pressured into an offensive battle by the Allies. This greatly angered the already the de-moralised soldiers, due to conscription the army was made up of mainly peasants who weren’t trained to fight and wanted to return home and gain more land for themselves. The June Offensive, which was put in place with the hope that a victory would strengthen moral, did the exact opposite. Far from strengthening Russian army morale, this offensive proved that Russian army morale no longer existed. No Russian general could now count on the soldiers under his command actually doing what they had been ordered to do.
Also the state of the country during World War One left a lot to be desired and created a lot of dissatisfaction amongst the Russian people. Tsar Nicholas II was responsible for the fall of the Romanov dynasty, but to a notable extent, as there were other factors more significant to account for the collapse of the Romanovs. It’s reasonable if one states that Nicholas II was responsible for stardom’s collapse. Many criticized the Tsar as a Monarch whose capacity for hard work and commitment wasn’t matched by outstanding intelligence, and had no clear vision for Russia’s future. Nicholas was not suited to his role as Tsar, and would rather spend his time with his family.
Although it has obtained some successes at the beginning, the dramatic changes were not far away. Russia was badly equipped and led; the army suffered a run of disastrous defeats as well as the rail way signalling system breakage of food transportation, causing blocked lines and trains being abandoned, over 200,000 men were found dead. Food riots broke out in Russia’s countryside and major cities. Because Russia was receiving supplies and support from their European allies the provisional government refused to pull out of the war, and began announcing new offensives. Loyal army has been replaced with around 15 million peasants, the army had sympathised with workers and themselves along with the navy began mutiny against a government they had no wish to fight and die for with the Bolsheviks rioting.
Describe the Russia that Tsar Nicholas 2nd inherited and ruled; and its problems. ‘During the coronation of Tsar Nicholas 2nd in Moscow there was a mass-scale stampede on the Khodynka field where more than a thousand people were killed’. From the second Tsar Nicholas sat on the throne he was faced with an unruly Russia. Tsar Nicholas 2nd inherited Russia in 1894 after his father’s death, Tsar Alexander 3rd. He faced many challenges as the Tsar of Russia due to many factors and was his own downfall in his autocracy of Russia.
The Bloody Sunday was a very important event in Russia which leads to the Russian revolution. The Russian people saw the Tsar as their father. When the police under the Tsar’s orders shot the workers who wanted to get their point of view across and not only that but also people who had the right to ask 'their father' to hear their requests for betters wages and working conditions, the workers were horrified and angered. It shocked the public that their ‘Father’ did not care and did not share their feelings at all. This event turned a lot of Russians against the Tsar.
Assess the proposition that WW1 was primarily responsible for the downfall of the Tsarist regime in Russia in 1917. The arrival of WW1 had a significant influence and was the catalyst to the demise of the Romanov dynasty in 1917, however the attitude of the Russian people lead on by centuries of heinous conditions and unfair ruling by the Autocracy of the Romanovs had ultimately shaped the downfall of the Tsarist Regime. Events such as Bloody Sunday, introduction of Grigori Rasputin and the Bread riots (the events of early 1917) were primary causes to the collapse of Tsarist power in Russia. One of most imperative and essential events contributing to the collapse of Tsarist autocracy in Russia was on the January 9th 1905, the Bloody Sunday protest, the result of the events on January 9th 1905 played an essential role in the revolution of 1917. This protest took place in St Petersburg and was peaceful and contained, however due to Tsar Nicholas II’s drastic predetermined demands the order to kill caused the death of up to 1000 people including women and children.