How Far Was Discontent Between the Crown and Parliament in the Years 1625-9 Due to Buckingham’s Foreign Policy?

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Although foreign policy was significant in creating discontent between the Crown and Parliament, there were also other factors to consider. For example, Charles implementing the forced loan and the Three Resolutions, after Buckingham’s death. Buckingham’s initial french policy of sending British troops to fight against the Huguenots who were Protestants brought unease among the MPs as they feared that Buckingham was supporting the Roman Catholic french Royals. So to gain popularity, Buckingham decided to help the Huguenots and led a naval expedition at La Rochelle in 1627. This was a disaster and Buckingham had to retreat his troops without even aiding the Huguenots, which made him become the most despised man in England as he was seen responsible for the military failures. One MP, Sir Edwyn Sandys, said that ‘since England was England it received not so an honourable blow’. This therefore decreased the reputation of the Crown because Charles was the one who appointed Buckingham as ‘Lord Admiral’ in the first place and caused tensions between them and Parliament. It also caused discontent as it meant that Britain was at war with Spain and France too. More importantly, though, this caused great strain on the country and Charles couldn’t find the necessary funding to finance the wars, which lead to him implementing the Forced Loan on December 1627. This meant that people were pressured by ‘commissioners’ to ‘lend’ their money. It caused considerable ill-feeling among Parliament as it was technically a parliamentary taxation but they had not sanctioned it. Lord Chief Crew refused to pay the loan saying it was not legal; he was dismissed and other ‘refusers’ were arrested and imprisoned. As a result seventy six people including Sir Wentworth and other prominent MPs were imprisoned for refusing to pay. This increased tension between the Crown and Parliament because MPs
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